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[Comparative study of treatment with quinupristin-dalfopristin alone or in combination with gentamicin, teicoplanin, imipenem or levofloxacin in experimental endocarditis due to a multidrug-resistant Enterococcus faecium]

Author(s): Perez Salmeron J, Martinez Garcia F, Roldan Conesa D, Lorente Salinas I, Lopez Fornas F, Ruiz Gomez J, Gomez Gomez J, Segovia Hernandez M, Valdes Chavarri M

Affiliation(s): Servicios de Cardiologia y Microbiologia, Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, 30005 Murcia, Spain.

Publication date & source: 2006-09, Rev Esp Quimioter., 19(3):258-66.

Publication type: Comparative Study; English Abstract

The incidence of multidrug-resistant Enterococcus faecium is increasing despite advances in antibacterial therapy. Thus, new antibiotics are required to treat hospital- or community-acquired infections caused by these multidrug-resistant organisms. The aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic efficacy of quinupristin-dalfopristin (QD) alone, or in combination with gentamicin (G), teicoplanin (T), imipenem (I) or levofloxacin (L) against a strain of multidrug-resistant E. faecium in an experimental model of aortic valve endocarditis in rabbits. The study group consisted of 28 control animals. Eighty-two animals were treated with one of the following antibiotic regimens: G1: 18 animals QD (30 mg/kg/8 h); G2: 18 animals QD+G (6 mg/kg/12 h); G3: 16 animals QD+T (20 mg/kg/12 h); G4: 14 animals QD+I (60 mg/kg/8 h); and G5: 16 animals QD+L (20 mg/kg/12 h). The response to therapy was determined by the comparison of the number of CFU/g of E. faecium in each vegetation. In vitro, time-kill studies looking for synergy for the combinations that showed better efficacy in vivo were done. The sensitivity of the strain was intermediate to QD, resistant to T and I, and sensitive to L. There was no high-level resistance to G. QD alone revealed a significant decrease (p <0.001) in the CFU/g in the control group (9.49 vs. 7.31). There were no differences in the average of CFU/g between the QD alone (G1), QD+G (G2) and QD+T (G3) groups. These three groups revealed a significant difference in decrease of CFU/g respect of the group control (p <0.001). There were no differences in the average of CFU/g between QD+I (G4) and QD+T (G5). These two groups revealed the greatest decrease in average CFU/g (G4: 4.38 and G5: 4.04) with differences respect of the group control (p <0.0001) and respect of the groups G1, G2 and G3 (p <0.001). We did not detect any alteration of MIC from QD in the course of the treatment for either of the final isolations. Only the time kill corresponding to concentrations of I 32 mg/l (0.25 x MIC) and QD 1 mg/l (0.25 x MIC presents a descending slope in the curve at 4 and 8 h, suggesting an early synergy phenomenon, which was lost after 8 h. In light of these results, the combination QD with I and L may be considered suitable alternatives for the treatment of multiresistant E. faecium.

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