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Comparative bioavailability of clarithromycin formulations in healthy brazilian volunteers.

Author(s): Ruenis AP, Moreno RA, Abib-Junior E, Simoes RP, Franco LM, Groppo FC, Baglie S, Franco GC, Rosalen PL

Affiliation(s): Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

Publication date & source: 2005-08, Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther., 43(8):399-404.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To compare the bioavailability of clarithromycin 500 mg tablets (Merck S.A Industrias Quimicas, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil, used as test formulation) and Klaricid (Abbott Laboratorios do Brasil Ltda, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil, used as reference formulation) in 24 healthy volunteers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted using an open, randomized, two-period crossover design with one-week interval between doses. Blood samples were collected at pre-dose, 0.33, 0.66, 1, 1.33, 1.66, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 16, 20 and 24 hours after the administration. AUC was calculated by the trapezoidal rule extrapolation method. Cmax and tmax were compiled from the plasmatic concentration-time data. Analysis of variance was carried out using logarithmically transformed AUC(0-inf), AUC(0-24 h), Cmax and untransformed tmax. RESULTS: Intraindividual coefficient of variation (CV%) values were 14.25% and 12.62%, respectively for Cmax and AUC(0-24 h). The geometric mean values (+/- SD) for AUC(0-24 h) (microg x h/ml), AUC(0-inf) (microg x h/ml), and Cmax (microg/ml) for test medication were 18.56 (+/- 6.87), 18.8 (+/- 5.70) and 2.45 (+/- 0.88); the obtained values for reference medication were 18.29 (+/- 5.39), 19.10 (+/- 7.21) and 2.5 (+/- 0.69). 90% Cl for clarithromycin geometric mean of AUC(0-24 h), AUC(0-inf) and Cmax ratios (test/reference) were: 93.6-105.9%, 93.8-106.2% and 89- 103.2%. CCONCLUSION The test medication was considered bioequivalent to the reference medication based on the rate and extent of absorption.

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