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Is perioperative intravesically applied antibiotic solution effective in the prophylaxis of urinary tract infections after renal transplantation?

Author(s): Salehipour M, Salahi H, Fathikalajahi A, Mohammadian R, Emadmarvasti V, Bahador A, Nikeghbalian S, Kazemi K, Dehghani M, Malek-Hosseini SA

Affiliation(s): Shiraz Organ Transplantation Center, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. salehipour @ sums.ac.ir

Publication date & source: 2010, Urol Int., 85(1):66-9. Epub 2010 Mar 17.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of intravesically applied amikacin for the prophylaxis of urinary tract infections (UTIs) occurring in the first 3 months after kidney transplantation. METHODS: In a prospective, randomized, controlled trial, 200 consecutive renal transplant recipients were randomly divided into two equal groups. The bladders of the first group, the amikacin group, were filled with saline solution containing amikacin (1 g in adults and 30 mg/kg in pediatric patients) whereas the bladders of the patients of the second group, the control group, were filled with saline solution. Patients were followed up for 3 months after transplantation with urine cultures to evaluate the prevalence of posttransplantation UTIs in both groups. RESULTS: The overall incidence of UTIs was found to be significantly lower in the amikacin group (25 vs. 49%; p = 0.0007). In addition, male patients, patients with end-stage renal disease due to glomerulonephritis, patients receiving renal transplantation for the first time, or those from the amikacin group receiving a living-related graft had a significantly lower incidence of UTIs than their counterparts in the control group (p < 0.05). UTIs were most frequently caused by Escherichia coli (28.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative bladder irrigation with amikacin solution significantly decreases the overall incidence of UTIs in the first 3 months after kidney transplantation. Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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