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Evaluation of the anti-ischemic effects of D-ribose during dobutamine stress echocardiography: a pilot study.

Author(s): Sawada SG, Lewis S, Kovacs R, Khouri S, Gradus-Pizlo I, St Cyr JA, Feigenbaum H

Affiliation(s): Krannert Institute of Cardiology, The Department of Medicine of the Indiana University School of Medicine, The Richard Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN, USA. ssawada@iupui.edu

Publication date & source: 2009-02-07, Cardiovasc Ultrasound., 7:5.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

D-Ribose, a pentose sugar, has shown to improve myocardial high-energy phosphate stores depleted by ischemia. This study investigated the ability of D-Ribose with low dose dobutamine to improve the contractile response of viable myocardium to dobutamine and to assess the efficacy of D-ribose in reducing stress-induced ischemia. Twenty-six patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy completed a two-day, randomized, double blind crossover trial comparing the effects of D-Ribose and placebo on regional wall motion. On the first study day, either D-Ribose or placebo was infused for 4.5 hours. Low (5 and 10 micro/kg/min) and subsequently, high (up to 50 micro/kg/min) dose dobutamine echocardiography was then performed. On the second study day, patients crossed over to the alternative article for a similar 4.5 hours infusion time period and underwent a similar evaluation. The wall motion response during low dose dobutamine was the same with D-Ribose and placebo in 77% of segments (203/263, Kappa = 0.37). In segments with discordant responses, more segments improved with D-Ribose than with placebo (41 vs. 19 segments, p = 0.006). With high dose dobutamine infusion, the wall motion response (ischemia vs. no ischemia) was the same with D-Ribose and placebo in 83% of interpretable segments (301/363, kappa = 0.244). In segments with discordant responses, there were more ischemic segments with placebo compared to D-Ribose (36 vs. 26, p = 0.253). Nineteen patients developed ischemia during the dobutamine and placebo infusion and 13 patients had ischemia during dobutamine and D-ribose infusion (p = 0.109). D-Ribose improved contractile responses to dobutamine in viable myocardium with resting dysfunction but had no significant effect in reducing the frequency of stress-induced wall motion abnormalities.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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