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Evaluation of an 8-item Severe Impairment Battery (SIB-8) vs. the full SIB in moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease patients participating in a donepezil study.

Author(s): Schmitt FA(1), Saxton J, Ferris SH, Mackell J, Sun Y.

Affiliation(s): Author information: (1)Departments of Neurology, Psychiatry, Behavioral Science, and Psychology, Sanders-Brown Center on Aging/Alzheimer's Disease Center, Lexington, KY, USA.

Publication date & source: 2013, Int J Clin Pract. , 67(10):1050-6

AIM: The Severe Impairment Battery (SIB), a reliable cognitive measure for evaluating treatment response in advanced Alzheimer's disease (AD), takes approximately 20 min to administer. A recently derived 8-item version of the SIB - the SIB-8 - which takes about 3 min to administer, may represent a more convenient tool for use in clinical practice. The current analyses further explored the SIB-8 scale with respect to its validity and sensitivity. METHODS: A post hoc analysis was performed using data from a 24-week trial of donepezil 23 mg/day and 10 mg/day in > 1400 patients with moderate to severe AD [baseline Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score 0-20]. Treatment effects on cognition (patterns of score change) were assessed using the full SIB and SIB-8 in the total study population and subgroups based on concomitant memantine use and baseline MMSE. Internal consistency/agreement and correlations between the SIB and SIB-8 and other clinical end points were evaluated. RESULTS: Assessment of score changes from baseline to week 24 with donepezil (23 or 10 mg/day) demonstrated comparable patterns of change when using the SIB-8 and the full SIB, despite inherent differences in the total score ranges for the two scales. Internal consistency/agreement between the full SIB and SIB-8 was good (Cronbach's alphas: 0.77-0.95). SIB-8 scores reliably correlated with SIB total scores (r = 0.859, baseline; r = 0.900, week 24; p < 0.0001), as well as MMSE scores (r = 0.7163, baseline; r = 0.7963, week 24; p < 0.0001). Scores on both SIB scales were moderately associated with functional measures at baseline and week 24. CONCLUSIONS: In this post hoc analysis, similar treatment effects were measured by the full SIB and the SIB-8. Very good internal consistency/agreement and strong correlations between the SIB and the more rapid and convenient SIB-8 indicate that the SIB-8 may be a useful and efficient clinical proxy for the full SIB in evaluating treatment response in patients with advanced AD.

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