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Ertapenem versus piperacillin/tazobactam in the treatment of complicated intraabdominal infections: results of a double-blind, randomized comparative phase III trial.

Author(s): Solomkin JS, Yellin AE, Rotstein OD, Christou NV, Dellinger EP, Tellado JM, Malafaia O, Fernandez A, Choe KA, Carides A, Satishchandran V, Teppler H, Protocol 017 Study Group

Affiliation(s): Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0558, USA. joseph.solomkin@uc.edu

Publication date & source: 2003-02, Ann Surg., 237(2):235-45.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical efficacy and safety of ertapenem, a novel beta-lactam agent with wide activity against common pathogens encountered in intraabdominal infection. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Ertapenem has a pharmacokinetic profile and antimicrobial spectrum that support the potential for use as a once-a-day agent for the treatment of common mixed aerobic and anaerobic infections.METHODS This prospective, randomized, controlled, and double-blind trial was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of ertapenem with piperacillin/tazobactam as therapy following adequate surgical management of complicated intraabdominal infections. RESULTS: Six hundred thirty-three patients were included in the modified intent-to-treat population, with 396 meeting all criteria for the evaluable population. Patients with a wide range of infections were enrolled; perforated or abscessed appendicitis was most common (approximately 60% in microbiologically evaluable population). A prospective, expert panel review was conducted to assess the adequacy of surgical source control in patients who were failures as a component of evaluability. For the modified intent-to-treat groups, 245 of 311 patients treated with ertapenem (79.3%) were cured, as were 232 of 304 (76.2) treated with piperacillin/tazobactam. One hundred seventy-six of 203 microbiologically evaluable patients treated with ertapenem (86.7%) were cured, as were 157 of the 193 (81.2%) treated with piperacillin/tazobactam. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the efficacy of ertapenem 1 g once a day was equivalent to piperacillin/tazobactam 3.375 g every 6 hours in the treatment of a range of intraabdominal infections. Ertapenem was generally well tolerated and had a similar safety and tolerability profile to piperacillin/tazobactam. A formal process for review of adequacy of source control was found to be of benefit. The results of this trial suggest that ertapenem may be a useful option that could eliminate the need for combination and/or multidosed antibiotic regimens for the empiric treatment of intraabdominal infections.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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