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C-reactive protein predicts response to infliximab in patients with chronic sarcoidosis.

Author(s): Sweiss NJ, Barnathan ES, Lo K, Judson MA, Baughman R; T48 Investigators.

Affiliation(s): University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. nsweiss@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu

Publication date & source: 2010, Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis. , 27(1):49-56

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the value of C-reactive protein as a predictor of disease severity and response to infliximab therapy in patients with chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis. DESIGN: Sera were collected through week 52 from 138 patients with chronic pulmonary sarcoidosis who received placebo or infliximab in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. We evaluated the response to therapy by baseline CRP using a dichotomous cutpoint (0.8 mg/dL) for the change from baseline in percent-predicted forced vital capacity (FVC), Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), Borg's CR10 dyspnea score, and Physician Organ Assessment (POA). RESULTS: CRP was elevated in 36% of patients at baseline, and was significantly reduced by infliximab by week 2. Among patients with elevated baseline CRP, infliximab-treated patients improved significantly compared with placebo-treated patients in percent-predicted FVC (+2.5 versus -2.6%), 6MWD (+8.0 versus -34.1), Borg's CR10 dyspnea score (pre-6MWD -0.8 versus +0.9, post-6MWD -1.1 versus +0.8), and POA (-3.1 versus -0.3). Patients with lower CRP levels at baseline did not show significant differences between the placebo and infliximab groups in most endpoints evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: In chronic sarcoidosis patients, elevated CRP appears to identify a subset with more severe disease who may respond better to treatment with infliximab.

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