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Ertapenem versus piperacillin-tazobactam for treatment of mixed anaerobic complicated intra-abdominal, complicated skin and skin structure, and acute pelvic infections.

Author(s): Tellado J, Woods GL, Gesser R, McCarroll K, Teppler H

Affiliation(s): CGI, H.G.U. Gregorio Maranon, Madrid, Spain.

Publication date & source: 2002-01, Surg Infect (Larchmt)., 3(4):303-14.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Anaerobes are an important component of many serious, deep tissue infections, especially complicated intra-abdominal (IAI), complicated skin and skin structure (SSSI), and acute pelvic (PI) infections. This study compares the efficacy of ertapenem, 1 g once a day, in the treatment of adults with anaerobic IAI, SSSI, and PI to piperacillin-tazobactam, 3.375 g every 6 hours. METHODS: Three randomized, double-blind trials comparing ertapenem to piperacillin-tazobactam for treatment of IAI, SSSI, and PI were conducted. This subgroup analysis included 623 patients, whose baseline culture grew one or more anaerobic pathogens, from these three studies. RESULTS: Anaerobes most commonly isolated were Bacteroides fragilis group (IAI) and peptostreptococci (SSSI and PI). The median duration of ertapenem and piperacillin-tazobactam therapy, respectively, in these subgroups was 6 and 7 days for IAI, 7 and 8 days for SSSI, and 4 and 5 days for PI. Cure rates for all evaluable patients with anaerobic infection were 89.3% (242/271) for ertapenem and 85.9% (220/256) for piperacillin-tazobactam (95% CI for the difference, adjusting for infection, -2.6% to 9.3%), indicating that the two treatments were equivalent. Cure rates by infection, for ertapenem and piperacillin-tazobactam, respectively, were as follows: IAI, 86.4% (133/154) and 82.4% (117/142); SSSI, 84.4% (27/32) and 82.4% (28/34); PI, 96.5% (82/85) and 93.8% (75/80). The frequency and severity of drug-related adverse experiences were comparable in both treatment groups. CONCLUSION: In this subgroup analysis, ertapenem was as effective as piperacillin-tazobactam for treatment of adults with moderate to severe anaerobic IAI, SSSI, and PI, was generally well tolerated, and had a similar safety profile.

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