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Comparison of perceived itch induced by skin prick-tests with histamine and codeine.

Author(s): Theunis J, Black D, Degouy A, Schmitt AM, Misery L

Affiliation(s): Pierre Fabre Research Institute, Toulouse, France.

Publication date & source: 2008, Acta Derm Venereol., 88(5):455-7.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial

The role of personal factors makes it difficult to correlate subjective data, such as those obtained with the use of a visual analogue scale, and objective data, such as a quantity of injected histamine. In this study, prick tests with histamine and codeine on the forearms allowed a coherent variation in itch scores to be obtained over time, with highly significant differences from controls and with a peak at 4 minutes. These tests are therefore valuable for screening anti-pruritic agents. A significant difference between initial scores and scores for new prick tests after 7 days suggest that tachyphylaxis persists.

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