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Efficacy and tolerability of the novel triple reuptake inhibitor amitifadine in the treatment of patients with major depressive disorder: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Author(s): Tran P, Skolnick P, Czobor P, Huang NY, Bradshaw M, McKinney A, Fava M

Affiliation(s): Euthymics Bioscience, Inc., 43 Thorndike Street, Suite S1-3, Cambridge, MA 02141, USA.

Publication date & source: 2012-01, J Psychiatr Res., 46(1):64-71. Epub 2011 Sep 16.

Amitifadine (EB-1010, formerly DOV 21,947) is a serotonin-preferring triple reuptake inhibitor with a relative potency to inhibit serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine uptake of approximately 1:2:8, respectively. This 6-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of amitifadine in 63 patients with major depressive disorder. Eligible patients (17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale [HAMD-17] >/= 22 at baseline) were randomized to amitifadine 25 mg twice daily (BID) for 2 weeks, then 50 mg BID for 4 weeks or placebo. Mean baseline scores in the modified intent-to-treat population (n = 56) were 31.4 for the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), 29.6 for the HAMD-17, and 25.4 for the Derogatis Interview for Sexual Functioning - Self Report (DISF-SR). At the end of the 6-week double-blind treatment, estimated least squares mean change from baseline (mixed-model repeated measures [MMRM]) in MADRS total score was statistically significantly superior for amitifadine compared to placebo (18.2 vs. 22.0; p = 0.028), with an overall statistical effect size of -0.601 (Cohen's d). Amitifadine also was statistically significantly superior to placebo (p = 0.03) for the Clinical Global Impression of Change - Improvement. An anhedonia factor score grouping of MADRS Items 1 (apparent sadness), 2 (reported sadness), 6 (concentration difficulties), 7 (lassitude), and 8 (inability to feel) demonstrated a statistically significant difference in favor of amitifadine compared to placebo (p = 0.049). No differences were observed between treatments in DISF-SR scores. Amitifadine was well-tolerated. Two patients on each treatment discontinued the study early due to adverse events; however, no serious adverse events were reported. This initial clinical trial in patients with severe major depression demonstrated significant antidepressant activity with amitifadine, including attenuating symptoms of anhedonia, and a tolerability profile that was comparable to placebo. The efficacy and tolerability of amitifadine for major depressive disorder are being investigated in additional clinical trials. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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