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Acute peripheral metabolic effects of intraarterial ghrelin infusion in healthy young men.

Author(s): Vestergaard ET, Buhl M, Gjedsted J, Madsen M, Jessen N, Nielsen S, Gaylinn BD, Liu J, Thorner MO, Moller N, Jorgensen JO

Affiliation(s): Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital Skejby, Dk-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. etv@dadlnet.dk

Publication date & source: 2011-02, J Clin Endocrinol Metab., 96(2):468-77. Epub 2010 Nov 17.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

CONTEXT: Ghrelin is the endogenous agonist for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). Intravenous administration of ghrelin induces insulin resistance and hyperglycemia and increases the levels of free fatty acids (FFA). OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether these effects are mediated directly by ghrelin in skeletal muscle tissue. DESIGN: This study was single blinded, randomized, and placebo controlled. Eight healthy men (25.5 +/- 3.1 years) received 240 min of intraarterial ghrelin infusion (4.2 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1)) into one femoral artery and intraarterial placebo infusion into the contralateral artery. Simultaneous blood samples were drawn from both femoral veins and muscle biopsies were obtained from both legs during both a basal period and during a hyperinsulinemic and euglycemic clamp period. RESULTS: Ghrelin significantly elevated venous FFA levels and venous dilution of palmitate, suggestive of increased lipolysis. Glucose metabolism was unchanged, and there were no direct effects on pertinent enzymes in the insulin signaling cascade. The metabolic clearance rate of acyl ghrelin was 12.5 +/- 3.3 ml x kg(-1) x min(-1). Acyl and desacyl ghrelin levels both increased. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that ghrelin may stimulate lipolysis directly in skeletal muscle.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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