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Population pharmacokinetics of golimumab in patients with ankylosing spondylitis: impact of body weight and immunogenicity.

Author(s): Xu ZH, Lee H, Vu T, Hu C, Yan H, Baker D, Hsu B, Pendley C, Wagner C, Davis HM, Zhou H

Affiliation(s): 1Centocor Research and Development, Malvern and 2Center for Drug Development, Inc. Science, Department of Biopharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Francisco, Washington, DC, USA.

Publication date & source: 2010-09, Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther., 48(9):596-607.

Aims: To develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model of subcutaneously administered golimumab, a human anti-tumor necrosis factor monoclonal antibody, in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), estimate typical fixed and random population PK parameters, and identify significant covariates on golimumab pharmacokinetics. Methods: Serum concentration data through Week 24 of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III trial of golimumab (50 or 100 mg every 4 weeks) were analyzed using a nonlinear mixed-effects modeling approach. The effects of potential covariates on golimumab were evaluated. Results: A one-compartment PK model with first-order absorption and elimination was chosen to describe the observed golimumab concentration-time data in patients with AS. Population estimates obtained from the final model for a typical 70-kg patient were: apparent systemic clearance (CL/F), 1.41 l/day (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.31 - 1.51) and apparent volume of distribution (V/F), 22.6 L (95% CI: 20.7 - 24.4). The first-order absorption rate constant (Ka) was estimated to be 1.01 day-1 (95% CI: 0.760 - 1.46). The between-subject variabilities for CL/F, V/F, and Ka were 35.2%, 38.6%, and 78.6%, respectively. Body weight was the most significant covariate, affecting both CL/F and V/F. Antibody-to-golimumab status, baseline C-reactive protein level, and sex were also identified as significant covariates on CL/F. Conclusions: A one-compartment model with first-order absorption and elimination adequately described the PK of golimumab following subcutaneous administrations in patients with AS. Body weight and anti-golimumab antibody status were found to significantly influence golimumab clearance. When a patient does not respond to the prescribed golimumab therapy, the possibility of the development of antibodies to golimumab has to be considered.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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