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Efficacy of quinupristin-dalfopristin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-insensitive S. aureus in a model of hematogenous pulmonary infection.

Author(s): Yanagihara K, Okada M, Fukuda Y, Imamura Y, Kaneko Y, Ohno H, Higashiyama Y, Miyazaki Y, Tsukamoto K, Hirakata Y, Tomono K, Kadota J, Tashiro T, Murata I, Kohno S

Affiliation(s): Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan. kyana-ngs@umin.ac.jp

Publication date & source: 2004-11, Chemotherapy., 50(5):260-4. Epub 2004 Nov 3.

BACKGROUND: Quinupristin-dalfopristin (Q-D) is a mixture of quinupristin and dalfopristin, which are semisynthetic antibiotics of streptogramin groups B and A, respectively. METHODS: We compared the effect of Q-D to that of vancomycin (VCM) in murine models of hematogenous pulmonary infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and VCM-insensitive S. aureus (VISA). RESULTS: Treatment with Q-D resulted in a significant decrease in the number of viable bacteria in the lungs of mice in an MRSA infection model [Q-D 100 mg/kg, Q-D 10 mg/kg, VCM and control (mean +/- SEM): 2.99 +/- 0.44, 6.38 +/- 0.32, 5.75 +/- 0.43 and 8.40 +/- 0.14 log10 CFU/lung, respectively]. Compared with VCM, high-dose Q-D significantly reduced the number of bacteria detected in the VISA hematogenous infection model [Q-D 100 mg/kg, Q-D 10 mg/kg, VCM and control (mean +/- SEM): 5.17 +/- 0.52, 7.03 +/- 0.11, 7.10 +/- 0.49 and 7.18 +/- 0.36 log10 CFU/lung, respectively]. Histopathological examination confirmed the effect of Q-D. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that Q-D is potent and effective in the treatment of MRSA and VISA hematogenous pulmonary infections.

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