DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Decadron (Dexamethasone) - Summary



(Dexamethasone Tablets, USP)

DECADRON Registered trademark of MERCK & CO., Inc. (dexamethasone tablets, USP) tablets, for oral administration, are supplied in two potencies, 0.5 mg and 0.75 mg.

Decadron (dexamethasone) is indicated for the following:

Allergic states: Control of severe or incapacitating allergic conditions intractable to adequate trials of conventional treatment in asthma, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, drug hypersensitivity reactions, perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis, and serum sickness.

Dermatologic diseases: Bullous dermatitis herpetiformis, exfoliative erythroderma, mycosis fungoides, pemphigus, and severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome).

Endocrine disorders: Primary or secondary adrenocortical insufficiency (hydrocortisone or cortisone is the drug of choice; may be used in conjunction with synthetic mineralocorticoid analogs where applicable; in infancy mineralocorticoid supplementation is of particular importance), congenital adrenal hyperplasia, hypercalcemia associated with cancer, and nonsuppurative thyroiditis.

Gastrointestinal diseases: To tide the patient over a critical period of the disease in regional enteritis and ulcerative colitis.

Hematologic disorders: Acquired (autoimmune) hemolytic anemia, congenital (erythroid) hypoplastic anemia (Diamond-Blackfan anemia), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in adults, pure red cell aplasia, and selected cases of secondary thrombocytopenia.

Miscellaneous: Diagnostic testing of adrenocortical hyperfunction, trichinosis with neurologic or myocardial involvement, tuberculous meningitis with subarachnoid block or impending block when used with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy.

Neoplastic diseases: For the palliative management of leukemias and lymphomas.

Nervous system: Acute exacerbations of multiple sclerosis, cerebral edemaassociated with primary or metastatic brain tumor, craniotomy, or head injury.

Ophthalmic diseases: Sympathetic ophthalmia, temporal arteritis, uveitis, and ocular inflammatory conditions unresponsive to topical corticosteroids.

Renal diseases: To induce a diuresis or remission of proteinuria in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome or that due to lupus erythematosus.

Respiratory diseases: Berylliosis, fulminating or disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis when used concurrently with appropriate antituberculous chemotherapy, idiopathic eosinophilic pneumonias, symptomatic sarcoidosis.

Rheumatic disorders: As adjunctive therapy for short-term administration (to tide the patient over an acute episode or exacerbation) in acute gouty arthritis, acute rheumatic carditis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, including juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (selected cases may require low-dose maintenance therapy). For the treatment of dermatomyositis, polymyositis, and systemic lupus erythematosus.

See all Decadron indications & dosage >>


Published Studies Related to Decadron (Dexamethasone)

A randomized clinical trial of the effects of submucosal dexamethasone after surgery for mandibular fractures. [2015]
mandibular fractures... CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that submucosal administration of

A multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial protocol to assess Traumeel injection vs dexamethasone injection in rotator cuff syndrome: the TRAumeel in ROtator cuff syndrome (TRARO) study protocol. [2015]
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal symptom with a wide range of potential causes; however, the majority of conditions can be managed with conservative treatment... DISCUSSION: It is hoped that the results of this trial will expand the treatment options and evidence base available for the management of rotator cuff disease.

Comparison of local and intravenous dexamethasone for postoperative pain and recovery after tonsillectomy. [2015]
injection for postoperative pain and recovery after tonsillectomy... CONCLUSION: Local infiltration of dexamethasone was more effective than systemic

Effect of combined dexamethasone therapy with nebulized r-epinephrine or salbutamol in infants with bronchiolitis: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. [2014]
bronchodilators alone for the treatment of infants with bronchiolitis... CONCLUSIONS: This study adds to a body of evidence suggesting that

The effects of perineural versus intravenous dexamethasone on sciatic nerve blockade outcomes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. [2014]
block characteristics... CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative administration of IV and perineural dexamethasone

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Decadron (Dexamethasone)

Dexamethasone in Lower Third Molar Surgery [Recruiting]
The aim of this randomized double-blind cross over clinical trial is to investigate effectiveness of different routes of applications (intramuscular and submucous at the site of surgery) and doses (4 mg and 8 mg) of Dexamethasone on swelling, trismus, pain and quality of life after lower third molar surgery.

An Investigation of Dexamethasone With Different Doses in the Management of Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) [Recruiting]
The project was undertaking by Qilu Hospital of Shandong University and other 7 well-known hospitals in China. In order to report the efficacy and safety of different dose dexamethasone in treating the immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).

Post Operative Sore Throat and Dexamethasone [Completed]
Sore throat is a common postoperative complaint that can lead to morbidity and patient dissatisfaction . The incidence of sore throat has been reported to be between 6% and 90% even under optimal intubating conditions. There are several factors that have been shown to contribute to postoperative sore throat such as patient related factors, type of anesthesia and type of surgery. Corticosteroids are also commonly used in the perioperative period to potentiate analgesics and as antiemetics. The preoperative administration of dexamethasone can decrease the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat which is rated by patients as one of the most undesirable outcomes in the postoperative period.

Dexamethasone for the Treatment of Established Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting [Recruiting]
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are frequent after surgery and anaesthesia. Dexamethasone is widely used as antiemetic for the prevention of PONV. Little is known about the efficacy of antiemetic drugs for the treatment of established PONV symptoms. No single randomised trial has been published so far that tests the efficacy of dexamethasone for the treatment of established PONV symptoms. In this trial the investigators want to test the antiemetic efficacy of three different doses of intravenous dexamethasone for the treatment of established PONV symptoms. In adjunct protocols of this study the investigators aim to establish a novel method to quantify the anti-nausea efficacy of an antiemetic drug, to study pharmacogenetics of PONV, and to further our understanding on the smoking status as a predictive factor of PONV.

Dexamethasone Intravitreal Implant After Vitrectomy For Epiretinal Membrane [Recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone intravitreal implant (Ozurdex) in combination with pars plana vitrectomy and membrane peeling for idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM).

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Decadron (Dexamethasone) Side Effects

Vomiting (29)Diarrhoea (27)Pneumonia (25)Nausea (25)Hypotension (24)Pyrexia (23)Renal Failure Acute (21)Fatigue (19)Asthenia (19)Platelet Count Decreased (18)more >>

Page last updated: 2015-08-10

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017