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Hydrocortisone and Acetic Acid (Hydrocortisone / Acetic Acid Otic) - Description and Clinical Pharmacology

 
 



DESCRIPTION

Hydrocortisone and Acetic Acid Otic Solution, USP is a solution containing hydrocortisone (1%) and acetic acid (2%), in a propylene glycol vehicle containing propylene glycol diacetate (3%), benzethonium chloride (0.02%), sodium acetate (0.015%) and citric acid. The empirical formulas for acetic acid and hydrocortisone are CH3COOH and C21H30O5, with a molecular weight of 60.05 and 362.46, respectively. The structural formulas are:

Hydrocortisone and Acetic Acid Otic Solution is available as a nonaqueous otic solution buffered at pH 3 for use in the external ear canal.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

Acetic acid is antibacterial and antifungal; hydrocortisone is anti-inflammatory, antiallergic and antipruritic; propylene glycol is hydrophilic and provides a low surface tension; benzethonium chloride is a surface active agent that promotes contact of the solution with tissues.

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