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Lincocin (Lincomycin) - Summary

 
 



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LAB-0138-4.0
June 2007

WARNING

Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with use of nearly all antibacterial agents, including Cleocin Phosphate and may range in severity from mild diarrhea to fatal colits. Treatment with antibacterial agents alters the normal flora of the colon leading to overgrowth of C. difficile.

Because lincomycin therapy has been associated with severe colitis which may end fatally, it should be reserved for serious infections where less toxic antimicrobial agents are inappropriate, as described in the INDICATIONS AND USAGE section. It should not be used in patients with nonbacterial infections such as most upper respiratory tract infections.

C.diffficile produces toxins A and B which contribute to the development of CDAD. Hypertoxin producing strains of C. difficile cause increased morbidity and mortality, as these infections can be refractory to antimicrobial therapy and may require colectomy. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibiotic use. Careful medical history is necessary since CDAD has been reported to occur over two months after the administration of antibacterial agents.

If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, ongoing antibiotic use not directed against C. difficile may need to be discontinued. Appropriate fluid and electrolyte management, protein supplementation, antibiotic treatment of C. difficile, and surgical evaluation should be instituted as clinically indicated.

 

LINCOCIN SUMMARY

Lincocin®
lincomycin injection, USP

LINCOCIN Sterile Solution contains lincomycin hydrochloride which is the monohydrated salt of lincomycin, a substance produced by the growth of a member of the lincolnensis group of Streptomyces lincolnensis (Fam. Streptomycetaceae).

LINCOCIN Sterile Solution is indicated in the treatment of serious infections due to susceptible strains of streptococci, pneumococci, and staphylococci. Its use should be reserved for penicillin-allergic patients or other patients for whom, in the judgment of the physician, a penicillin is inappropriate. Because of the risk of antibiotic-associated pseudomembranous colitis, as described in the WARNING box, before selecting lincomycin the physician should consider the nature of the infection and the suitability of less toxic alternatives (eg, erythromycin).

Bacteriologic studies should be performed to determine the causative organisms and their susceptibility to lincomycin.

Indicated surgical procedures should be performed in conjunction with antibiotic therapy.

Lincomycin has been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of staphylococcal infections resistant to other antibiotics and susceptible to lincomycin. Staphylococcal strains resistant to LINCOCIN have been recovered; culture and susceptibility studies should be done in conjunction with therapy with LINCOCIN. In the case of macrolides, partial but not complete cross resistance may occur (see Microbiology). The drug may be administered concomitantly with other antimicrobial agents when indicated.

Lincomycin is not indicated in the treatment of minor bacterial infections or viral infections.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of LINCOCIN and other antibacterial drugs, LINCOCIN should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.


See all Lincocin indications & dosage >>

NEWS HIGHLIGHTS

Published Studies Related to Lincocin (Lincomycin)

Clinical, histologic, and bacteriologic findings in dairy cows with digital dermatitis (footwarts) one month after topical treatment with lincomycin hydrochloride or oxytetracycline hydrochloride. [2010.09.01]
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of lincomycin and oxytetracycline for treatment of digital dermatitis (DD) in dairy cows through gross visual examination, histologic evaluation, and bacteriologic evaluation...

more studies >>

Clinical Trials Related to Lincocin (Lincomycin)

Relative Bioavailability Study Of Two Lincomycin Hydrochloride Hard Gelatinous Capsule [Completed]
To assess the relative bioavailability of two different batches of FrademicinaŽ drug product, containing 500 mg lincomycin hydrocloride, manufactured by Pfizer Laboratories Ltd. The formulations' comparative bioavailability after oral administration will be assessed based on the statistical comparisons of the relevant pharmacokinetic parameters, obtained from the drug concentrations in the blood. The lincomycin hydrocloride concentration will be measured by a proper and validated analytical method.

Patients Response to Early Switch To Oral:Osteomyelitis Study [Not yet recruiting]
Based on the current literature, investigators hypothesize that patients with osteomyelitis who are treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy will have the same clinical outcomes as patients treated with the experimental approach of intravenous antibiotics with early switch to oral antibiotics. The primary objective of this study is to compare patients with osteomyelitis treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy versus patients treated with intravenous antibiotics with an early switch to oral antibiotics in relation to clinical outcomes at 12 months after discontinuation of antibiotic therapy. Secondary objectives of the study include the evaluation of adverse events related to the use of antibiotics as well as the cost of care evaluated from the hospital perspective.

Adjunctive Clindamycin for Cellulitis: Clinical Trial Comparing Flucloxacillin With or Without Clindamycin for the Treatment of Limb Cellulitis (C4C Trial). [Recruiting]
The aim of this study is to see whether the addition of Clindamycin, a protein inhibiting antibiotic, to the standard antibiotic treatment of limb cellulitis, with Flucloxacillin, results in less tissue damage and a more rapid resolution of both systemic and local features, in a cost-effective manner. This study is a randomised controlled trial comparing Clindamycin with placebo.

more trials >>

Reports of Suspected Lincocin (Lincomycin) Side Effects

Electrocardiogram QT Prolonged (2)Urticaria (2)Oedema (2)Dyspnoea (2)Angioedema (2)Oral Disorder (2)Hypoacusis (1)Oedema Peripheral (1)Pain in Extremity (1)Drug Hypersensitivity (1)more >>


Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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