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Nesacaine (Chloroprocaine Hydrochloride) - Summary



Nesacaine and Nesacaine-MPF Injections are sterile non pyrogenic local anesthetics.

Nesacaine 1% and 2% Injections, in multidose vials with methylparaben as preservative, are indicated for the production of local anesthesia by infiltration and peripheral nerve block. They are not to be used for lumbar or caudal epidural anesthesia.

Nesacaine-MPF 2% and 3% Injections, in single dose vials without preservative and without EDTA, are indicated for the production of local anesthesia by infiltration, peripheral and central nerve block, including lumbar and caudal epidural blocks.

Nesacaine and Nesacaine-MPF Injections are not to be used for subarachnoid administration.

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Published Studies Related to Nesacaine (Chloroprocaine)

Comparison of bupivacaine and 2-chloroprocaine for spinal anesthesia for outpatient surgery: a double-blind randomized trial. [2011.04]
BACKGROUND: We have always been searching for the ideal local anesthetic for outpatient spinal anesthesia. Lidocaine has been associated with a high incidence of transient neurological symptoms, and bupivacaine produces sensory and motor blocks of long duration. Preservative-free 2-chloroprocaine (2-CP) seems to be a promising alternative, being a short-acting agent of increasing popularity in recent years. This study was designed to compare 2-CP with bupivacaine for spinal anesthesia in an elective ambulatory setting... CONCLUSION: Spinal 2-chloroprocaine provides adequate duration and depth of surgical anesthesia for short procedures with the advantages of faster block resolution and earlier hospital discharge compared with spinal bupivacaine. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00845962).

Chloroprocaine vs. articaine as spinal anaesthetics for day-case knee arthroscopy. [2011.03]
BACKGROUND: Chloroprocaine and articaine have recently gained interest as short-acting spinal anaesthetics. They have not, however, previously been compared in an ambulatory surgery setting... CONCLUSIONS: Both anaesthetics used provided a rapid onset of spinal anaesthesia of about 1 h and were satisfactory for day-case knee arthroscopy. Recovery, however, was significantly faster in group C40. The data add to earlier results that TNSs seem to be uncommon after spinal chloroprocaine and articaine. (c) 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation (c) 2010 The Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation.

The interaction between epidural 2-chloroprocaine and morphine: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of drug administration timing on the efficacy of morphine analgesia. [2009.07]
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and duration of epidural morphine analgesia is diminished when administered after 2-chloroprocaine compared with lidocaine. The mechanism of the interaction between 2-chloroprocaine and morphine is unknown... This suggests that the observed interaction between epidural morphine and 2-chloroprocaine is a result of differences in latency and duration of action of the two drugs, or that the administration of morphine before 2-chloroprocaine effectively blocks a receptor site antagonism.

A controlled clinical interventional trial comparing 2% chloroprocaine-bupivicaine versus 2% lidocaine-bupivicaine for retrobulbar anesthesia in scleral buckling surgery. [2009.02]
OBJECTIVE: We undertook this prospective study to compare the relative effectiveness of a bupivicaine mixture with either lidocaine or chloroprocaine for retrobulbar anesthesia in scleral buckling surgery, since chloroprocaine, in some types of nonocular nerve block anesthesia, has been demonstrated to be a more effective nerve block anesthetic. DESIGN: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled, clinical, unicentre, interventional trial compared mixtures of lidocaine-bupivacaine with chloroprocaine-bupivacaine in scleral buckling surgery performed by 1 surgeon during a 12-month period.Participants: A total of 136 patients who underwent scleral buckling surgery constituted the cases studied... CONCLUSIONS: We found no difference in effectiveness for bupivicaine mixed with either lidocaine or chloroprocaine for retrobulbar anesthesia in scleral buckling surgery. Surgeon, anesthetist, and patient-centered data showed no differences in any of the measures studied.

Intrathecal 2-chloroprocaine for lower limb outpatient surgery: a prospective, randomized, double-blind, clinical evaluation. [2006.07]
We evaluated the dose-response relationship of 2-chloroprocaine for lower limb outpatient procedure in 45 ASA physical status I-II outpatients undergoing elective lower limb surgery under spinal anesthesia, with 30 mg (group Chlor-30, n = 15), 40 mg (group Chlor-40, n = 15), or 50 mg (group Chlor-50, n = 15) of 1% preservative free 2-chloroprocaine...

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Clinical Trials Related to Nesacaine (Chloroprocaine)

Epidural Anesthesia With Chloroprocaine Versus Lidocaine [Completed]

A Comparison of Bupivacaine and 2-chloroprocaine for Spinal Anesthesia [Completed]
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacity and the readiness for discharge between two local anesthetics, bupivacaine and 2-chloroprocaine, used for spinal anesthesia.

Chloroprocaine 1 % - Spinal Block [Recruiting]
This study evaluate the effect of 3 doses of Chloroprocaine HCl 1% (30, 40 and 50 mg) for spinal anaesthesia in adult patients undergoing short duration elective surgery of the lower limb. Patients undergoing elective short-duration lower limb surgery will be randomised into 3 treatment groups (15 patients per group) to receive one of the 3 single doses of Chloroprocaine HCl 1%, i. e. either D1, D2 or D3, via intrathecal injection.

Trial Comparing the Onset and Duration of Ultrasound Guided Supraclavicular Nerve Blocks Using Ropivacaine Versus Ropivacaine-Chloroprocaine Mixture [Completed]
A double blinded randomized controlled trial comparing the onset and duration of the Onset and Duration of Ultrasound Guided Supraclavicular Nerve Blocks Using a long acting local anesthestic (Ropivacaine) with a mixture of a long and short acting local anesthestic (Ropivacaine-Chloroprocaine Mixture).

Comparision of the Use in Marcaine and Chloroprocaine in Rachianesthesia for the Surgical Correction of Inguinal Hernia. [Completed]
Comparison the use of marcaine and chloroprocaine in rachianesthesia for a surgical correction of inguinal hernia. Comparision between acute and chronic (3 months and 6 months) pain.

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Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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