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Oravig (Miconazole) - Side Effects and Adverse Reactions

 
 



ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following serious adverse drug reactions are discussed in detail in other sections of labeling:

  • Hypersensitivity reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Clinical Trial Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The overall safety of ORAVIG was assessed in 480 adult subjects: 315 HIV-infected subjects, 147 subjects with head and neck cancer, and 18 healthy subjects.

HIV Infected Patients

Two trials were conducted in immunocompromised HIV infected patients: one randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled design (N = 290 ORAVIG, 287 control) and one non-comparative trial (N = 25).

In the randomized, double blind trial (Study 1), 290 HIV infected subjects used ORAVIG once daily for 14 days, and 287 subjects used 10 mg clotrimazole troches five times daily for 14 days. Adverse reactions occurring in ≥ 2% of patients in either treatment are presented in Table 1.

Table 1 Adverse Reactions (Treatment-Emergent) Occurring in ≥ 2% of HIV-Infected Patients in the Controlled Clinical Trial

Adverse Reaction
(MedDRA v 9.1 System Organ Class and Preferred Term)

ORAVIG
N = 290 (%)

Clotrimazole
troches
N = 287 (%)

Patients with any adverse reaction during the study

158 (54.5)

146 (50.9)

Gastrointestinal disorders

25.9

23.7

     Diarrhea

9.0

8.0

     Nausea

6.6

7.7

     Vomiting

3.8

3.1

     Dry mouth

2.8

1.7

     Abdominal pain upper

1.7

2.8

Infections and infestations

15.9

17.1

     Upper respiratory infection

2.1

2.4

     Gastroenteritis

1.4

2.8

Nervous system disorders

13.1

8.4

     Headache

7.6

6.6

     Ageusia

2.4

0.3

Blood and lymphatic disorders

6.9

8.4

     Anemia

2.8

1.7

     Lymphopenia

1.7

2.1

     Neutropenia

0.7

2.1

General disorders and administration site conditions

6.6

8.0

     Fatigue

2.8

2.1

     Pain

1.0

2.8

Respirator y/thoracic

5.2

7.7

     Cough

2.8

1.7

     Pharyngeal pain

0.7

2.4

Investigations

5.5

6.3

     Increased GGT

1.0

2.8

Overall local adverse reactions, including oral discomfort, oral burning, oral pain, gingival pain, gingival swelling, gingival pruritis, tongue ulceration, mouth ulceration, glossodynia, dry mouth, application site pain or discomfort, toothache, loss of taste, and altered taste, were reported by 35 (12.1%) patients who received miconazole buccal tablet compared to 27 (9.4%) patients who received clotrimazole troches.

Head and Neck Cancer Patients

In the randomized, open-label comparative trial of oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients with head and neck cancer who had received radiation therapy (Study 2), 147 patients used ORAVIG once daily for 14 days and 147 patients used 125 mg of miconazole oral gel four times daily for 14 days. Adverse reactions occurring in ≥2% of patients in either arm are listed in Table 2.

Table 2: Adverse Reactions (Treatment-Emergent) Occurring in ≥ 2% of Patients with Head and Neck Cancer who had Received Radiation Therapy (Controlled Clinical Trial)
Adverse Reaction
(MedDRA v 9.1 System Organ Class and Preferred Term)
ORAVIG
N = 147 (%)
Miconazole gel
N = 147 (%)
Patients with at least one adverse reaction 30 (20.4) 32 (21.8)
Gastrointestinal disorders 8.8 13.6
     Abdominal pain, upper 2.7 2.0
     Oral discomfort 1.4 2.7
     Nausea 0.7 2.7
     Vomiting 0.7 2.0
     Glossodynia 0 2.0
Nervous system disorders 5.4 1.4
     Dysgeusia 4.1 0
Skin and subcutaneous 3.4 0.7
     Pruritus  2.0 0.7

Overall local adverse reactions, including oral discomfort, oral pain, dry mouth, glossodynia, loss of taste, altered taste, tongue ulceration, mouth ulceration, tooth disorder, and application site discomfort or pain, were experienced by 14 (9.5%) patients who used ORAVIG compared to 16 (10.9%) patients who used miconazole gel.

Overall ORAVIG Safety Experience In Patients and Healthy Subjects

Adverse reactions reported in the overall safety database of 480 subjects who received miconazole buccal tablet is listed in Table 3.

Table 3 Adverse Reactions Reported in ≥ 2% of Patients and Healthy Subjects who Received ORAVIG in Clinical Trials
Adverse reaction
(MedDRA v 9.1 System Organ Class and Preferred Term)
ORAVIG
N = 480 (%)
Patients with at least one AE 209 (43.5)
Gastrointestinal disorders 20.6
     Diarrhea 6.0
     Nausea 4.6
     Abdominal pain upper 2.5
     Vomiting 2.5
Infections and infestations  11.9
Nervous system disorders 10.6
     Headache 5.0
     Dysgeusia 2.9

Discontinuation of ORAVIG due to adverse drug reactions occurred in 0.6% overall.

Drug label data at the top of this Page last updated: 2012-08-01

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