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Paromomycin (Paromomycin Sulfate) - Description and Clinical Pharmacology

 
 



DESCRIPTION

Paromomycin sulfate is a broad spectrum antibiotic produced by Streptomyces riomosus var. paromomycinus. It is a white,  amorphous, stable, water-soluble product. Paromomycin sulfate is designated chemically as 0-2, 6-Diamino-2, 6-dideoxy-β -L-idopyranosyl-(1→3)-0-β -D-ribofuranosyl-(1→5)-0-[2-amino-2-deoxy-α -D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)]-2-deoxystreptamine sulfate (salt). The molecular formula is C23H45N5O14•xH2SO4, with a molecular weight of 615.64 (base).

Its structural formula is:

Each capsule, for oral administration, contains paromomycin sulfate equivalent to 250 mg paromomycin. Each capsule also contains the following inactive ingredients: FD&C Blue # 1, D&C Red # 28, FD&C Red # 40, gelatin and titanium dioxide. The imprinting ink for the 250 mg capsule contains D&C yellow #10, FD&C blue # 1, FD&C blue # 2, FD&C red # 40, iron oxide black,  pharmaceutical shellac glaze, and propylene glycol.

CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

The in-vitro and in-vivo antibacterial action of paromomycin closely parallels that of neomycin. It is poorly absorbed after oral administration, with almost 100% of the drug recoverable in the stool.

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