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Provera (Medroxyprogesterone Acetate) - Drug Interactions, Contraindications, Overdosage, etc

 
 



DRUG INTERACTIONS

C. Drug/Laboratory Test Interactions

The following laboratory results may be altered by the use of estrogen plus progestin therapy:

  1. Accelerated prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, and platelet aggregation time; increased platelet count; increased factors II, VII antigen, VIII antigen, VIII coagulant activity, IX, X, XII, VII-X complex. II-VII-X complex, and beta-thromboglobulin; decreased levels of anti-factor Xa and antithrombin III, decreased antithrombin III activity; increased levels of fibrinogen and fibrinogen activity; increased plasminogen antigen and activity.
  2. Increased thyroid-binding globulin (TBG) levels leading to increased circulating total thyroid hormone levels as measured by protein-bound iodine (PBI), T4 levels (by column or by radioimmunoassay) or T3 levels by radioimmunoassay, T3 resin uptake is decreased, reflecting the elevated TBG. Free T4 and free T3 concentrations are unaltered. Patients on thyroid replacement therapy may require higher doses of thyroid hormone.
  3. Other binding proteins may be elevated in serum (i.e., corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) leading to increased circulating corticosteroid and sex steroids, respectively. Free or biologically active hormone concentrations are unchanged. Other plasma proteins may be increased (angiotensinogen/renin substrate, alpha-1-antitrypsin, ceruloplasmin).
  4. Increased plasma HDL and HDL2 cholesterol subfraction concentrations, reduced LDL cholesterol concentration, increased triglycerides levels.
  5. Impaired glucose metabolism.

OVERDOSAGE

Overdosage of estrogen plus progestin therapy may cause nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness, dizziness, abdominal pain, drowsiness/fatigue and withdrawal bleeding may occur in women. Treatment of overdose consists of discontinuation of CE/MPA together with institution of appropriate symptomatic care.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

PROVERA should not be used in women with any of the following conditions:

  1. Undiagnosed abnormal genital bleeding
  2. Known, suspected, or history of cancer of the breast
  3. Known or suspected estrogen- or progesterone-dependent neoplasia
  4. Active deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism or a history of these conditions
  5. Active or recent (within the past year) arterial thromboembolic disease (for example, stroke and myocardial infarction)
  6. Known liver dysfunction or disease
  7. Missed abortion
  8. As a diagnostic test for pregnancy
  9. Known hypersensitivity to the ingredients in PROVERA tablets
  10. Known or suspected pregnancy.

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