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Suprane (Desflurane) - Summary



SUPRANE (desflurane, USP), a nonflammable liquid administered via vaporizer, is a general inhalation anesthetic. It is (±)1,2,2,2-tetrafluoroethyl difluoromethyl ether.

Induction of Anesthesia

SUPRANE (desflurane, USP) is indicated as an inhalation agent for induction of anesthesia for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults.

SUPRANE (desflurane, USP) is contraindicated as an inhalation agent for the induction of anesthesia in pediatric patients because of a high incidence of moderate to severe upper airway adverse events.

Maintenance of Anesthesia

SUPRANE (desflurane, USP) is indicated as an inhalation agent for maintenance of anesthesia for inpatient and outpatient surgery in adults and in pediatric patients.

After induction of anesthesia with agents other than SUPRANE (desflurane, USP), and tracheal intubation, SUPRANE (desflurane, USP) is indicated for maintenance of anesthesia in infants and children. SUPRANE (desflurane, USP) is not approved for maintenance of anesthesia in non-intubated children due to an increased incidence of respiratory adverse reactions, including coughing, laryngospasm, and secretions [see Warnings and Precautions and Clinical Studies].

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Published Studies Related to Suprane (Desflurane)

Desflurane/fentanyl compared with sevoflurane/fentanyl on awakening and quality of recovery in outpatient surgery using a laryngeal mask airway: a randomized, double-blinded controlled trial. [2013]
anesthetic regimen inclusive of opioids... CONCLUSIONS: Desflurane retains faster awakening properties than does sevoflurane

Respiratory resistance during anaesthesia with isoflurane, sevoflurane, and desflurane: a randomized clinical trial. [2011.09]
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether the effects of desflurane on inspiratory resistance are similar to those of isoflurane and sevoflurane during 30 min administration at 1 and 1.5 MAC in patients with healthy lungs... CONCLUSIONS: In healthy adults, neither sevoflurane nor isoflurane produced bronchodilation at 1 and 1.5 MAC. Desflurane did not affect respiratory resistance at 1 MAC, but at 1.5 MAC caused significant increase in both total and airway resistance with return to near baseline values after discontinuation of the agent.

A comparison of desflurane versus propofol: the effects on early postoperative lung function in overweight patients. [2011.07]
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated the influence of propofol versus desflurane anesthesia in overweight patients on postoperative lung function and pulse oximetry values... CONCLUSION: We conclude that, for superficial surgical procedures of up to 120 minutes, maintenance of anesthesia with propofol impairs early postoperative lung function and pulse oximetry values more than with desflurane. Furthermore, increasing obesity decreases pulmonary function at 2 hours after propofol anesthesia but not after desflurane anesthesia.

The influence of propofol or desflurane on postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. [2011.06]
We investigated the influence of either propofol or desflurane on the incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in a randomised trial of 180 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. The primary outcome was incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction at 3 months, defined as >/=1 SD deterioration in two or more of 12 neurocognitive tests...

The effects of desflurane and sevoflurane on the peri- and postoperative bleeding of adenotonsillectomy patients. [2011.06]
CONCLUSION: Desflurane, which is one of the volatile anesthetics, leads to a lower amount of intraoperative bleeding than sevoflurane during tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy operations. Copyright (c) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Clinical Trials Related to Suprane (Desflurane)

Desflurane-induced Myocardial Protection [Not yet recruiting]

Desflurane in Children With Laryngeal Mask Airway [Not yet recruiting]
The purpose of this study is to characterize the airway responses to desflurane during maintenance of and emergence from anesthesia in children whose airways were supported with laryngeal mask airways (LMAs).

Emergence Agitation Between Sevoflurane and Desflurane in Pediatric [Completed]
Sevoflurane is the volatile anesthetic agent of choice in pediatric surgery. Nevertheless, sevoflurane anesthesia had the high incidence of emergence delirium compared to halothane and isoflurane. Bortone L et al. reported isoflurane for maintenance decreased incidence of emergence agitation compared to sevoflurane in unpremedicated preschool children under elective subumbilical surgery (32% versus 52% respectively). Desflurane is the new volatile anesthetic agent which provides faster recovery compared to sevoflurane. Valley et al. reported no significant differences between sevoflurane or desflurane anesthesia in children in term of the serious airway complication such as laryngospasm or desaturation excepted the number of coughing episodes were more frequent in the desflurane compared to sevoflurane (36 versus 18).Mayer J et al. reported sevoflurane had severity of Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium (PAED) scale higher than desflurane in ear, nose, throat inpatient surgery in children (12(2-20) versus 6(0-15) respectively) with no reported of incidence of emergence agitation between those two. Therefore, the investigators would like to compare the incidence of emergence agitation, recovery profile and respiratory events between desflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia in pediatric ambulatory urologic surgery under general anesthesia and combined with regional anesthesia.

Desflurane or Propofol Anesthesia in Elderly Obese Patients Undergoing Total Knee Replacement [Active, not recruiting]
You are invited to participate in a research study assessing your mental status in the first days after your surgery and how you will be doing in the 2 years following the surgery. The investigators hope to learn more about the incidence of postoperative confusion and a possible relation with 2 anesthesia techniques that are routinely used. The first one is an anesthesia technique that uses the inhaled anesthetic gas desflurane and the second one is an anesthesia technique that uses the anesthetic propofol administered by infusion in a vein. The investigators are also looking to see if there is a relationship between anesthesia technique and cardiovascular outcomes. You were selected as a possible participant in this study because at your age this phenomenon appears to have a greater incidence.

Comparing Desflurane to Sevoflurane for the Effect on Recovery Time in Patients Undergoing Urological Cystoscope Surgery [Completed]
This is a single-center, prospective, randomized, double-blind, double-arm trial including 68 subjects scheduled to undergo urological cystoscope surgeries under general anesthesia (GA) with intubation through a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) at The Ohio State University Medical Center (OSUMC). Double blinding will be based on both the subject and the research staff being unaware of which trial arm the subject is randomized into. Eligible subjects that provide voluntary and written informed consent will be included in this study.

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Reports of Suspected Suprane (Desflurane) Side Effects

Foetal Exposure During Pregnancy (16)Congenital Anomaly (14)Liver Function Test Abnormal (7)Pulmonary Granuloma (5)Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (5)Acute Respiratory Failure (5)Abdominal Pain (4)Blood Bilirubin Increased (4)Drug Ineffective (4)Pain (4)more >>

Page last updated: 2014-11-30

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