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Timentin (Ticarcillin Disodium / Clavulanate Potassium) - Summary



TIMENTIN is a sterile injectable antibacterial combination consisting of the semisynthetic antibiotic ticarcillin disodium and the (beta)-lactamase inhibitor clavulanate potassium (the potassium salt of clavulanic acid) for intravenous administration. Ticarcillin is derived from the basic penicillin nucleus, 6-amino-penicillanic acid.

TIMENTIN is indicated in the treatment of infections caused by susceptible strains of the designated microorganisms in the conditions listed below:

Septicemia (including bacteremia) caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of Klebsiella spp. *, E. coli *, S. aureus *, or P. aeruginosa * (or other Pseudomonas species *)

Lower Respiratory Infections caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of S. aureus, H. influenzae *, or Klebsiella spp. *

Bone and Joint Infections caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of S. aureus

Skin and Skin Structure Infections caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of S. aureus, Klebsiella spp. *, or E. coli *

Urinary Tract Infections (complicated and uncomplicated) caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of E. coli, Klebsiella spp., P. aeruginosa * (or other Pseudomonas spp. *), Citrobacter spp. *, Enterobacter cloacae *, S. marcescens *, or S. aureus *

Gynecologic Infections endometritis caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of P. melaninogenicus *, Enterobacter spp. (including E. cloacae *), E. coli, K. pneumoniae *, S. aureus, or S. epidermidis

Intra-abdominal Infections peritonitis caused by (beta)-lactamase-producing strains of E. coli, K. pneumoniae, or B. fragilis * group

*Efficacy for this organism in this organ system was studied in fewer than 10 infections.

NOTE: For information on use in pediatric patients (>/=3 months of age) see PRECAUTIONS -- Pediatric Use and CLINICAL STUDIES sections. There are insufficient data to support the use of TIMENTIN in pediatric patients under 3 months of age or for the treatment of septicemia and/or infections in the pediatric population where the suspected or proven pathogen is H. influenzae type b.

While TIMENTIN is indicated only for the conditions listed above, infections caused by ticarcillin-susceptible organisms are also amenable to treatment with TIMENTIN due to its ticarcillin content. Therefore, mixed infections caused by ticarcillin-susceptible organisms and (beta)-lactamase-producing organisms susceptible to ticarcillin/clavulanic acid should not require the addition of another antibiotic.

Due to its broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, TIMENTIN is particularly useful for the treatment of mixed infections and for presumptive therapy prior to the identification of the causative organisms. TIMENTIN has been shown to be effective as single drug therapy in the treatment of some serious infections where normally combination antibiotic therapy might be employed.

Based on the in vitro synergism between ticarcillin/clavulanic acid and aminoglycosides against certain strains of P. aeruginosa, combined therapy has been successful, especially in patients with impaired host defenses. Both drugs should be used in full therapeutic doses.

To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of TIMENTIN and other antibacterial drugs, TIMENTIN should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.
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Published Studies Related to Timentin (Ticarcillin / Clavulanate)

Ertapenem or ticarcillin/clavulanate for the treatment of intra-abdominal infections or acute pelvic infections in pediatric patients. [2007.09]
BACKGROUND: Ertapenem, a group I carbapenem antibiotic, has been shown to be safe and effective in treating adults with complicated intra-abdominal (cIAI) or acute pelvic infection (API). This study evaluated ertapenem for treating these infections in children... CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that ertapenem is generally safe and efficacious for treating cIAI or API in pediatric patients.

Clinical efficacy, tolerability, and cost savings associated with the use of open-label metronidazole plus ceftriaxone once daily compared with ticarcillin/clavulanate every 6 hours as empiric treatment for diabetic lower-extremity infections in older males. [2004.09]
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus, particularly those with poor glucose control, commonly experience various medical complications related to the disease (eg, renal impairment, decreased peripheral vascular circulation, suppressed immune function). Infections of the lower extremities can range from superficial cellulitis to ulcerative, deep soft-tissue infections to osteomyelitis that necessitates some degree of amputation. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the efficacy, tolerability, and cost differences associated with the use of metronidazole plus ceftriaxone (MTZ/CTX) given once daily with those of ticarcillin/clavulanate potassium (T/C) given every 6 hours in hospitalized older males with diabetic lower-extremity infections... CONCLUSION: In this population of older males, once-daily MTZ/CTX was as well tolerated and effective as T/C in the treatment of diabetic lower-extremity infections and was associated with reduced institutional costs.

Ticarcillin-clavulanic acid plus amikacin versus ceftazidime plus amikacin in the empirical treatment of fever in acute leukemia: a prospective randomized trial. [2003.06]
We evaluated the efficacy of ticarcillin-clavulanic acid plus amikacin (TCA) with ceftazidime plus amikacin (CFA) as empiric therapy of fever in acute leukemia in a total of 127 episodes. The overall success rate of the therapy (survival) was 93% in TCA group and 92% in CFA group... In our experience TCA is as effective as CFA as first-line treatment in severe neutropenic patients with acute leukemia, although in both regimens patients with DI are likely to require modifications in treatment.

Cefepime versus ticarcillin and clavulanate potassium and aztreonam for febrile neutropenia therapy in high-dose chemotherapy patients. [2003.06]
An open labeled randomized trial comparing the efficacy and cost of empirically applied cefepime (C) as monotherapy versus combination therapy consisting of ticarcillin and clavulanate potassium and aztreonam (T/A) was performed in febrile neutropenic patients following high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) +/- radiation, with or without peripheral blood stem cell support.

Evaluation of ticarcillin/clavulanic acid versus ceftriaxone plus amikacin for fever and neutropenia in pediatric patients with leukemia and lymphoma. [2003.04]
BACKGROUND: The empirical use of antibiotic treatments is widely accepted as a means to treat cancer patients in chemotherapy who have fever and neutropenia. Intravenous monotherapy, with broad spectrum antibiotics, of patients with a high risk of complications is a possible alternative... CONCLUSION: In pediatric and adolescent patients with leukemia or lymphoma, who presented with fever and neutropenia, during chemotherapy, ticarcillin/clavulanic acid was as successful as the combination of ceftriaxone plus amikacin. It should be considered an appropriate option for this group of patients at high risk for infections.

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Clinical Trials Related to Timentin (Ticarcillin / Clavulanate)

Technology That Permits Focal Dose of Antibiotics to be Delivered to Lower Limb(s) of Diabetic Patients [Recruiting]
The use of the Percutaneous Isolated Limb Procedure (PILP) which enables the use of existing antibiotic therapies in a more targeted and concentrated fashion in patients with diabetes who have a significant lower limb infection and it is deemed that IV antibiotics are needed in order to salvage the limb or life.

Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Ticarcillin-clavulanate in Infants [Withdrawn]
This study will evaluate the safety, tolerability and PK of ticarcillin-clavulanate in infants <91 days of age with suspected systemic infection.

Pharmacokinetics (PK) of Antistaphylococcal Antibiotics in Infants (NICHD-2012-02-Staph Trio) [Completed]

Patients Response to Early Switch To Oral:Osteomyelitis Study [Not yet recruiting]
Based on the current literature, investigators hypothesize that patients with osteomyelitis who are treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy will have the same clinical outcomes as patients treated with the experimental approach of intravenous antibiotics with early switch to oral antibiotics. The primary objective of this study is to compare patients with osteomyelitis treated with the standard approach of intravenous antibiotics for the full duration of therapy versus patients treated with intravenous antibiotics with an early switch to oral antibiotics in relation to clinical outcomes at 12 months after discontinuation of antibiotic therapy. Secondary objectives of the study include the evaluation of adverse events related to the use of antibiotics as well as the cost of care evaluated from the hospital perspective.

Standard vs. Biofilm Susceptibility Testing in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) [Completed]
This was a randomized multi-center clinical trial to compare the microbiological efficacy, clinical efficacy, and safety of using standard versus biofilm susceptibility testing of P. aeruginosa sputum isolates to guide antibiotic selection for treatment of airway infection in clinically stable patients with CF.

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Reports of Suspected Timentin (Ticarcillin / Clavulanate) Side Effects

Gastrointestinal Perforation (2)Sepsis (2)Rales (1)Erythema (1)Viith Nerve Paralysis (1)Hypoacusis (1)C-Reactive Protein Increased (1)Conjunctival Hyperaemia (1)Oedema Peripheral (1)Blood Immunoglobulin E Increased (1)more >>

Page last updated: 2007-10-19

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