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Tretinoin With or Without Fenretinide in Treating Patients With Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Melanoma (Skin)

Intervention: fenretinide (Drug); tretinoin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Lynn Mara Schuchter, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania


RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. The use of tretinoin and/or fenretinide may be an effective way to prevent the recurrence or further development of dysplastic nevus syndrome. PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of tretinoin with or without fenretinide in treating patients with dysplastic nevus syndrome.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase II Double-Blind Study of Topical Tretinoin With or Without Oral 4-HPR (Fenretinide) in Patients With the Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy (clinical and histologic evidence of regression) of topical tretinoin with or without systemic fenretinide in patients with dysplastic nevi with personal or family history of cutaneous melanoma. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind study. Patients are stratified according to personal history of cutaneous melanoma vs family history of cutaneous melanoma in at least 2 blood relatives. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive topical tretinoin twice daily and oral fenretinide once a day for 6 months. Tretinoin is applied to one half of the back with the untreated side of the back serving as a matched control. Arm II: Patients receive topical tretinoin as in arm I twice daily and oral placebo once a day for 6 months. Treatment continues in both arms in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed at 6 months. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: There will be 38 patients accrued for this study.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Clinically dysplastic nevi with a personal history of cutaneous melanoma and/or a family history of cutaneous melanoma in two or more blood relatives (blood relatives include first, second, or third degree relatives from the same blood line) Clinically dysplastic nevi defined as: At least 4 mm in diameter and flatness (either a component or throughout) with at least 1 of the following: Variable pigmentation Irregular or asymmetrical outline Indistinct border Must have at least 10 or more large (diameter at least 4 mm) clinically dysplastic nevi on the trunk or extremities (excluding head, pubic area, breasts in women, hands, and/or below the knees) No stage III or IV melanoma Patients with history of melanoma who received adjuvant therapy must be more than 1 year from completion of therapy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC greater than 3,500/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2. 0 mg/dL AST less than 2 times normal Alkaline phosphatase less than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine less than 2. 0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No symptomatic arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease No history of coronary artery disease Other: Fasting triglyceride level less than 210 mg/dL Fasting cholesterol level less than 350 mg/dL No nonmalignant disease that would preclude administration of retinoids No psychiatric conditions that would preclude study compliance Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after study PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: No prior coronary bypass surgery Other: No prior systemic retinoids No concurrent vitamin (except a daily multivitamin) or dietary supplement No concurrent systemic therapy for hyperlipidemia

Locations and Contacts

University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, United States
Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

Starting date: September 1998
Last updated: July 23, 2008

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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