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Natalizumab (BG00002, Tysabri) Study in Japanese Participants With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS)

Information source: Biogen
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention: Natalizumab (BG00002) (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Biogen

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Medical Director, Study Director, Affiliation: Biogen

Summary

The primary objective of Part A is to determine the safety and tolerability of natalizumab administered over 24 weeks in Japanese participants with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS). The endpoints for this will include assessment of adverse evetns (AEs), changes in laboratory evaluations, vital signs, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores, and changes in physical and neurological examination findings. The secondary objectives of Part A are to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) profile and pharmacodynamics (PD) of natalizumab. The primary objective of Part B is to determine if natalizumab, when compared to placebo, is effective in treating Japanese participants with relapsing-remitting MS, as measured by new active lesions on cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans over 24 weeks. New active lesions are the sum of the gadolinium-enhancing (Gd+) lesions and any new or newly-enlarging T2-hyperintense lesions that do not enhance. The primary endpoint is the rate of development of new active lesions over 24 weeks. Secondary objectives of Part B are to determine over 24 weeks whether natalizumab, when compared to placebo, is effective in reducing the frequency of clinical exacerbations, reducing the number of Gd+ lesions, reducing the number of new or newly-enlarging T2-hyperintense lesions on brain MRI scans, increasing the proportion of relapse-free participants, and improving outcomes on visual analog scale (VAS) assessing the participant's global impression of his/her well-being. Additional objectives are to assess the safety and tolerability, the incidence of serum antibodies to natalizumab and the PK profile of natalizumab.

Clinical Details

Official title: Multicenter Study of BG00002 in Japanese Subjects With RRMS, Consisting of a Multiple-Dose, Open-Label Evaluation of Its Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics (Part A) and a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multiple-Dose Evaluation of Safety and Efficacy (Part B)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Part A: Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs)

Part B: Rate of Development of New Active Lesions Over 24 Weeks

Secondary outcome:

Part B: Cumulative Number of New Active Lesions Over 24 Weeks

Part B: Adjusted Annualized Relapse Rate Over 24 Weeks

Part B: Cumulative Number of Gd+ Lesions Over 24 Weeks

Part B: Cumulative Number Of New Or Newly Enlarging, Non-Enhancing T2-Hyperintense Lesions Over 24 Weeks

Part B: Number of Participants Who Were Relapse Free Over 24 Weeks

Part B: Change From Baseline to Weeks 12 and 24 in the Global Assessment of Well-Being As Assessed by Participants Using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS)

Part A: Concentration of Natalizumab in Serum

Part B: Concentration of Natalizumab in Serum

Part A: Pharmacokinetic (PK) Profile of Natalizumab in Serum: Cmax

Part A: Pharmacokinetic (PK) Profile of Natalizumab in Serum: AUC(0-last) and (0-AUC∞)

Part A: Pharmacokinetic (PK) Profile of Natalizumab in Serum: Tmax and T1/2

Part A: Pharmacokinetic (PK) Profile of Natalizumab in Serum: Vd

Part A: Pharmacokinetic (PK) Profile of Natalizumab in Serum: CL

Part B: Status of Serum Antibodies to Natalizumab

Part B: Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs)

Part A: Natalizumab Binding Saturation Of α4 Integrin Sites On Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC)

Part A: Summary of Lymphocyte Counts Over Time

Detailed description: This multicenter study has 2 parts and is designed to provide data in Japanese participants, as required for registration of natalizumab (BG00002) in Japan. Part A will consist of an open-label cohort of 12 participants who will receive 300 mg natalizumab intravenously (IV) every 4 weeks over a 6-month treatment period. Part B will consist of a double-blind, placebo-controlled cohort of approximately 90 participants randomized in a ratio of 1: 1 to receive IV infusions of placebo or 300 mg BG00002 every 4 weeks over a 6-month period.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Part A Key Inclusion Criteria:

- Must give written informed consent and any authorizations required by local law.

- Must have a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting MS, as defined by the revised McDonald

criteria 1 through 4 (Polman et al, 2005). All other possible neurologic diagnoses must have been reasonably excluded by means of laboratory and/or imaging studies, in the opinion of the Investigator.

- Japanese men and women aged 18 to 65, inclusive, at the time of informed consent.

- All male subjects and female subjects of childbearing potential must practice

effective contraception during the study and be able to continue contraception for 12 weeks after their last dose of study treatment.

- Must have an Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score between 0. 0 and 6. 0,

inclusive.

- Must have experienced at least 1 medically documented clinical exacerbation within 12

months of enrollment.

- Must be willing to remain free from concomitant immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory

treatment (including interferon beta [IFNβ] and chronic systemic corticosteroids) for the duration of the study.

- Must have a baseline MRI, conducted within 35 calendar days prior to enrollment.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis or history of neuromyelitis optica (NMO), e. g., a long spinal lesion

extending over 3 or more vertebral bodies was detected, or the subject has a history of positive tests for anti-aquaporin-4 (anti-AQP4) antibodies.

- The subject is considered by the Investigator to be immunocompromised, based on

medical history, physical examination, laboratory testing, or prior immunosuppressive or immunomodulating treatment.

- An MS exacerbation (relapse) within 30 days prior to enrollment or, in the opinion of

the Investigator, the subject has not stabilized from a relapse prior to enrollment at Week 0.

- History of malignancy.

- Known history of, or positive test result for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

infection.

- Known history of or positive test result for hepatitis C virus or hepatitis B virus

within the year prior to enrollment.

- History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions or known drug hypersensitivity.

- A clinically significant infectious illness within 30 days prior to enrollment.

- Abnormal liver function test results at screening: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), or

aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >2 times of the upper limit of normal (ULN) or bilirubin >1. 5 times of the ULN during screening.

- Previous treatment with natalizumab, any murine protein, or any other therapeutic

monoclonal antibody.

- Any prior treatment with any of the following medications: total lymphoid

irradiation, cladribine, T-cell or T-cell receptor vaccination.

- Treatment with immunosuppressant medications, e. g., azathioprine, cyclophosphamide,

methotrexate, and fingolimod within 6 months prior to enrollment, or mitoxantrone and cyclosporine within 12 months prior to enrollment.

- Treatment with any of the following medications or procedures within 6 months prior

to enrollment: intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg), plasmapheresis, or cytapheresis.

- Treatment with immunomodulatory medications (including IFNβ and glatiramer acetate

[GA]) within 2 weeks of enrollment.

- Treatment with any of the following medications within 30 days of enrollment:

intravenous corticosteroid treatment, systemic corticosteroid treatment, 4-aminopyridine or related products.

- Participation in any other investigational treatment within the 6 months prior to

enrollment or concurrent with this study. Part B Key Inclusion Criteria:

- Must give written informed consent and any authorizations required by local law.

- Must have a diagnosis of relapsing-remitting MS, as defined by the revised McDonald

criteria 1 through 4 (Polman et al, 2005). All other possible neurologic diagnoses must have been reasonably excluded by means of laboratory and/or imaging studies, in the opinion of the Investigator.

- Japanese men and women aged 18 to 65, inclusive, at the time of informed consent.

- All male subjects and female subjects of childbearing potential must practice

effective contraception during the study and be able to continue contraception for 12 weeks after their last dose of study treatment.

- Must have an EDSS score between 0. 0 and 5. 5, inclusive.

- Must have experienced at least 1 medically documented clinical exacerbation within 12

months of enrollment.

- Must be willing to remain free from concomitant immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory

treatment (including IFNβ and chronic systemic corticosteroids) for the duration of the study.

- Prior to enrollment all subjects must have: a screening MRI, or documentation of an

MRI within the subject's medical record within 1 year of the screening visit, which reveals 3 or more T2 hyperintense lesions consistent with MS, and a baseline MRI, conducted within 7 calendar days prior to enrollment, which reveals at least 1 MRI lesion consistent with MS. Key Exclusion Criteria

- Diagnosis or history of NMO, e. g., a long spinal lesion extending over 3 or more

vertebral bodies was detected, or the subject has a history of positive tests for anti-AQP4 antibodies.

- The subject is considered by the Investigator to be immunocompromised, based on

medical history, physical examination, laboratory testing, or prior immunosuppressive or immunomodulating treatment.

- An MS exacerbation (relapse) within 30 days prior to enrollment or, in the opinion of

the Investigator, the subject has not stabilized from a relapse prior to enrollment at Week 0.

- History of malignancy.

- Known history, or positive test result of HIV infection.

- Known history of or positive test result for hepatitis C virus or hepatitis B virus

within the year prior to Enrollment.

- History of severe allergic or anaphylactic reactions or known drug hypersensitivity.

- A clinically significant infectious illness within 30 days prior to Enrollment.

- Abnormal liver function test results at screening: ALT or AST >2 times of the ULN or

bilirubin >1. 5 times of the ULN during screening.

- Previous treatment with natalizumab, any murine protein, or any other therapeutic

monoclonal antibody.

- Any prior treatment with any of the following medications: total lymphoid

irradiation, cladribine, T-cell or T-cell receptor vaccination.

- Treatment with immunosuppressant medications, e. g., azathioprine, cyclophosphamide,

methotrexate, and fingolimod within 6 months prior to enrollment, or mitoxantrone and cyclosporine within 12 months prior to enrollment.

- Treatment with any of the following medications or procedures within 6 months prior

to enrollment: IVIg, plasmapheresis, or cytapheresis.

- Treatment with immunomodulatory medications (including IFNβ and GA) within 2 weeks of

enrollment.

- Treatment with any of the following medications within 30 days of enrollment:

intravenous corticosteroid treatment, systemic corticosteroid treatment, 4-aminopyridine or related products.

- Participation in any other investigational treatment within the 6 months prior to

enrollment or concurrent with this study. NOTE: Other protocol defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply.

Locations and Contacts

Research Site, Chiba, Japan

Research Site, Fukuoka, Japan

Research Site, Hiroshima, Japan

Research Site, Kawagoe, Japan

Research Site, Kyoto, Japan

Research Site, Morioka, Japan

Research Site, Niigata, Japan

Research Site, Osaka, Japan

Research Site, Otaku, Japan

Research Site, Sapporo, Japan

Research Site, Sendai, Japan

Research Site, Suita, Japan

Research Site, Tokorozawa, Japan

Research Site, Tokyo, Japan

Research Site, Tsukuba, Japan

Research Site, Ube, Japan

Research Site, Yokohama, Japan

Additional Information

Starting date: November 2010
Last updated: October 20, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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