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Phase 1 Study of TCP-ATRA for Adult Patients With AML and MDS

Information source: University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Acute Myelogenous Leukemia; Myelodysplastic Syndromes; Leukemia

Intervention: Tranylcypromine (Drug); Tretinoin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University of Miami

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Ronan Swords, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Miami

Overall contact:
Ronan Swords, MD, PhD, Phone: 305-243-3084, Email: rswords@med.miami.edu


Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is a diverse disease that is fatal in the majority of patients. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) however, a subtype of AML accounting for 5% of all cases, is very curable. APL cells are highly sensitive to the retinoid all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA), which effectively differentiates the leukemic clone. Over 80% of APL patients can be cured with ATRA based therapies. For patients with non-APL AML, ATRA has little effect. Consequently, 85% of these patients will succumb to their disease despite conventional approaches. Little is known about mechanisms of resistance to ATRA in non-APL AML. This knowledge gap limits the use of ATRA in a disease that already has few effective therapies. The investigators' preliminary data suggest that non-APL AML cells can be re-sensitized to ATRA when combined with lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD 1) inhibitors. The investigators' publication in Nature Medicine showed that LSD1 inhibition with tranylcypromine (TCP), unlocked the ATRA-driven therapeutic response in non-APL AML. Notably, treatment with ATRA and TCP markedly diminished the engraftment of primary human AML cells in murine models, indicating that the combination may target leukemia-initiating cells (LIC). The investigators' data identify LSD1 as a therapeutic target and strongly suggest that it may contribute to ATRA resistance in non-APL AML. The investigators' central hypothesis is that ATRA combined with TCP will be safe and effective in a clinical population, and that this approach will suppress LICs and restore myeloid differentiation programs in patients with non-APL AML. Testing this hypothesis with the phase I clinical trial outlined in this protocol, will establish a new treatment paradigm in AML and extend the important anti-cancer effects of ATRA to all AML subtypes.

Clinical Details

Official title: An Open-Label, Dose Escalation, Phase 1 Study of Tranylcypromine (TCP) in Combination With ATRA (Tretinoin) for Adult Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of subjects experiencing adverse events


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Confirmed diagnosis of one of the following:

- Relapsed/refractory Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) as defined by the World

Health Organization (WHO) criteria [therapy-related AML and/or secondary AML from an antecedent hematologic disorder not excluded].

- Relapsed/refractory Myelodysplasic Syndrome (MDS) as defined by the World Health

Organization (WHO) criteria.

- Adult patients 18 years of age or older

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0, 1, or 2

- Adequate organ function as defined as:

- Total bilirubin 1. 5 x ULN

- ALT and AST must be ≤ 3 × ULN

- Creatinine 1. 5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance > 50ml/min or

- PT and aPTT ≤ 1. 5 × ULN

Patients with total bilirubin, ALT, AST, Creatinine, PT, and aPTT levels outside the permitted range are eligible if, in the judgment of the Principal Investigator, the levels are related to the patient's AML or MDS

- Suitable venous access to allow for all study related blood sampling (safety and


- Estimated life expectancy, in the judgment of the Investigator, which will permit

receipt of at least 6 weeks of treatment.

- Able to understand and willing to signed the written informed consent and HIPAA

document/s. Exclusion Criteria:

- Therapy with moderate or strong CYP3A4 inhibitors or CYP3A4 inducers within 14 days

prior to Cycle1 Day1.

- Therapy with Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs), dibenzazepine derivatives,

sympathomimetics, or Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) within 14 days prior to Cycle1 Day1. (Patients actively receiving a safe substitute in the judgment of the Principal Investigator are eligible and may continue to receive the safe substitute during protocol treatment)

- Therapy with any investigational products, antineoplastic therapy, or radiotherapy

within 14 days prior to Cycle1 Day1. Patients actively receiving hydroxyurea are eligible and may continue to receive hydroxyurea during protocol treatment.

- Candidates for standard and/or potentially curative treatments. (Candidate defined as

a patient that is both eligible and willing)

- Major surgery within 28 days prior to Cycle1 Day1.

- Grade 2 or higher diarrhea as defined by NCI CTCAE Version 4. 03 despite optimal

antidiarrheal supportive care within 7 days prior to Cycle1, Day1.

- Myocardial infarction within 6 months (24 weeks) prior to Cycle1, Day1.

- Class III or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA),

uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. (Any ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant and confirmed by the Principal Investigator)

- Active and uncontrolled infection.

- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive.

- Known hepatitis B surface antigen-positive

- Known or suspected active hepatitis C infections (Patients who are hepatitis C

surface antigen-positive are eligible)

- Female patients who are pregnant women or breast feeding. Confirmation that the

patient is not pregnant will require a negative serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening; pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women.

- Females of child bearing potential who refused to either practice 2 effective methods

of contraception at the same time or abstain from heterosexual intercourse from the time of signing the informed consent through 30 days after the last dose of study drug

- Males of child bearing potential who refuse to practice effective barrier

contraception during the entire study treatment period and through 4 months after the

last dose of study drug (includes males surgically sterilized - i. e. status post


- Serious medical or psychiatric illness/condition likely in the judgment of the

Investigator to interfere with compliance to protocol treatment/research.

- Known history of allergic reaction to TCP or ATRA

- Symptomatic CNS involvement

- A concurrent second active and non-stable malignancy (Patients with a concurrent

second active but stable malignancy are eligible)

Locations and Contacts

Ronan Swords, MD, PhD, Phone: 305-243-3084, Email: rswords@med.miami.edu

University of Miami, Miami, Florida 33136, United States; Recruiting
Ronan Swords, MD. PhD, Phone: 305-243-3084, Email: rswords@med.miami.edu
Ronan Swords, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator
Arthur Zelent, PhD, Sub-Investigator
Lazaros Lekakis, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: February 2015
Last updated: July 29, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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