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Granulocyte Macrophage-Colony Stimulating Factor and Ipilimumab as Therapy in Melanoma

Information source: Northern California Melanoma Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Malignant Melanoma, Metastatic

Intervention: Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) (Biological); Ipilimumab (Biological)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: Lynn E. Spitler, MD

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Lynn E. Spitler, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Northern California Melanoma Center, St. Mary's Medical Center


The study is an open-label, single arm single Center Phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of Granulocyte Macrophage-Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF, Leukine) and Ipilimumab (Yervoy) as therapy for patients with unresectable metastatic malignant melanoma.

Clinical Details

Official title: GM-CSF and Ipilimumab as Therapy in Metastatic Melanoma, a Phase II Study

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Disease control rate at 24 weeks as defined by the immune-related Response Criteria (irRC)

Secondary outcome:

Assessment of immune activation as determined in the Companion Protocol

Duration of disease control defined as the time from the date of the first treatment dose to the date of first documentation of disease progression as defined by irRC.

Overall Survival (OS)

Objective Response Rate (RR)

Time to Objective response

Duration of objective response (CR or PR)

Safety of the combination

Detailed description: The study is an open-label, single arm single Center Phase II study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the combination of Granulocyte Macrophage-Colony Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF, Leukine) and Ipilimumab (Yervoy) as therapy for patients with unresectable metastatic malignant melanoma. The patient sample will be approximately 43 evaluable individuals, males and females 18 years of age or older with measurable metastatic melanoma. Immunologic testing will be done to evaluate correlation with clinical outcome. Patients will be treated with 4 courses of GM-CSF and ipilimumab administered every 3 weeks. GM-CSF will be administered subcutaneously daily for 14 days in a dose of 125 µg/m2 beginning on D1 of each 21-day cycle. Ipilimumab intravenously in a dose of 10 mg/kg, with appropriate stopping/de-escalation rules. After the initial 3 months (4 cycles) of treatment, GM-CSF administration will continue for 4 additional cycles on the same schedule and dose without ipilimumab for 14 days every 21 days until month 6. Maintenance therapy will begin at month 6 and will consist of ipilimumab in the same dose administered at the end of cycle 4 combined with 14 days of GM-CSF. Administration of this combination will be repeated every 3 months for up to 2 years or until disease progression, whichever occurs first. During the maintenance phase, GM-CSF will only be administered for 14 days in conjunction with ipilimumab and will not be administered in the intervening time period.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Histologically confirmed, (surgically incurable or unresectable) stage III or IV metastatic malignant melanoma. 2. Prior systemic therapy for metastatic disease is permitted but not required 3. A minimum of 1 measurable lesion according to irRC criteria. 4. ECOG performance status of 0-2. 5. Men and women, age ≥ 18 years. 6. Adequate hematologic, renal and liver function as defined by laboratory values performed within 14 days prior to initiation of dosing.

- WBC ≥ 2000/uL

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1000/uL

- Platelet count ≥ 50,000/uL

- Hemoglobin ≥ 8. 0 g/dL

- Serum creatinine ≤ 3. 0 x upper limit of normal

- Total serum bilirubin ≤ 3. 0 x upper limit of normal (except patients with

Gilbert's Syndrome, who must have a total bilirubin less than 3. 0 mg/dL

- LDH ≤ 4 times upper limit of laboratory normal

- Serum aspartate transaminase (ASAT/SGOT) or serum alanine transaminase

(ALAT/SGPT) ≤ 2. 5 times upper limit of laboratory normal for patients without liver metastases

- Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2. 5 times upper limit of normal, unless bone metastasis

is present in the absence of liver metastases 7. No active or chronic infection with HIV, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C 8. Patients must have recovered from effects of major surgery. 9. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for up to 8 weeks after the study in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized. WOCBP include any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not postmenopausal. Post-menopausal is defined as:

- Amenorrhea ≥ 12 consecutive months without another cause, or

- For women with irregular menstrual periods and taking hormone replacement therapy

(HRT), a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level ≥ 35mIU/mL]. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Brain metastases that are not treated and not stable for at least 1 month. 2. History of or known spinal cord compression, or carcinomatous meningitis, or evidence of symptomatic brain or leptomeningeal disease on screening CT or MRI scan. 3. Any other malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for less than 5 years, with the exception of adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix. 4. Autoimmune disease: Patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease are excluded from this study as are patients with a history of symptomatic disease (e. g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis (e. g., Wegener's Granulomatosis), motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e. g. Guillain-Barré Syndrome). 5. Any underlying medical condition, which in the opinion of the Investigator, will make the administration of study drug hazardous or obscure the interpretation of AEs, such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea. 6. Psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before trial entry. 7. Any non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious diseases (for up to one month prior to or after any dose of ipilimumab. 8. A history of prior treatment with ipilimumab, CD137 agonist, CTLA-4 inhibitor or agonist; GM-CSF, or monoclonal antibody. 9. Concomitant therapy with any of the following: IL-2, interferon or other non-study immunotherapy regimens; cytotoxic chemotherapy; immunosuppressive agents; other investigation therapies; or chronic use of systemic corticosteroids. 10. Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) who:

- are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method to avoid pregnancy for the

entire study period and for at least 8 weeks after cessation of study drug, or

- have a positive pregnancy test at baseline, or

- are pregnant or breastfeeding

11. Prisoners or subjects who are compulsorily detained (involuntarily incarcerated) for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (e. g., infectious) illness 12. Persons of reproductive potential must agree to use and utilize an adequate method of contraception throughout treatment and for at least 8 weeks after study drug is stopped

Locations and Contacts

Northern Californai Melanoma Center, St. Mary's Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94117, United States

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, United States

Additional Information

This describes the site where the clinical trial is being conducted.

Related publications:

Hodi FS, O'Day SJ, McDermott DF, Weber RW, Sosman JA, Haanen JB, Gonzalez R, Robert C, Schadendorf D, Hassel JC, Akerley W, van den Eertwegh AJ, Lutzky J, Lorigan P, Vaubel JM, Linette GP, Hogg D, Ottensmeier CH, Lebbé C, Peschel C, Quirt I, Clark JI, Wolchok JD, Weber JS, Tian J, Yellin MJ, Nichol GM, Hoos A, Urba WJ. Improved survival with ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma. N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 19;363(8):711-23. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1003466. Epub 2010 Jun 5. Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2010 Sep 23;363(13):1290.

Spitler LE, Grossbard ML, Ernstoff MS, Silver G, Jacobs M, Hayes FA, Soong SJ. Adjuvant therapy of stage III and IV malignant melanoma using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor. J Clin Oncol. 2000 Apr;18(8):1614-21.

Hoos A, Eggermont AM, Janetzki S, Hodi FS, Ibrahim R, Anderson A, Humphrey R, Blumenstein B, Old L, Wolchok J. Improved endpoints for cancer immunotherapy trials. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2010 Sep 22;102(18):1388-97. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djq310. Epub 2010 Sep 8. Review.

Kavanagh B, O'Brien S, Lee D, Hou Y, Weinberg V, Rini B, Allison JP, Small EJ, Fong L. CTLA4 blockade expands FoxP3+ regulatory and activated effector CD4+ T cells in a dose-dependent fashion. Blood. 2008 Aug 15;112(4):1175-83. doi: 10.1182/blood-2007-11-125435. Epub 2008 Jun 3.

Starting date: May 2011
Last updated: March 6, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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