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Evaluation of the Pulmonary Vascular Reactivity Test in Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and a Cardiac Shunt

Information source: Assistance Publique - H˘pitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension With Congenital Cardiac Shunt

Intervention: Pharmacological test of pulmonary endothelial (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Suspended

Sponsored by: Assistance Publique - H˘pitaux de Paris

Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess the predictive performance of the pulmonary vascular reactivity to acetylcholine, in the presence pulmonary arterial hypertension (estimated 1 year after the closure of the shunt).

Clinical Details

Official title: Pharmacological Test of Pulmonary Endothelium-dependent Vascular Reactivity to Acetylcholine in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension With Congenital Cardiac Shunt Child and Adult

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Primary outcome: Predictive performance of the reactivity test to the occurence of pulmonary arterial hypertension one year after the closure of the shunt.

Secondary outcome:

occurrence of pulmonary hypertension.

Nature and frequency of adverse events

Characteristic of the distribution of test of reactivity in the population "shunt unclosed"

Detailed description: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in patients with congenital heart disease with a shunt. These congenital cardiac shunts are responsible for PAH, which evolves towards higher pulmonary vascular resistance if they are not closed early. Patients with significant pulmonary flow and low pulmonary vascular resistance fully benefit from surgical shunt closure with complete disappearance of pulmonary hypertension after closure. In contrast, patients with low pulmonary flow and high pulmonary vascular resistance will have no benefit because they keep a deleterious pulmonary hypertension after closure of the shunt. In certain situations, especially late discovery of heart disease, the issue of operability of these patients is crucial because closing the shunt inappropriately worsens the spontaneous prognosis. Currently, in case of doubt on the operability, there are several clinical and hemodynamic criteria used empirically, but their predictive value is uncertain. It is therefore necessary to stratify patients into operable and inoperable groups to improve their overall outcome after surgery. In this research project we propose to assess the predictive performance of the pulmonary vascular reactivity to acetylcholine test on the presence of elevated PAH 1 year after the closure of the shunt. This reactivity test will be evaluated on a population of patients for whom the decision of the surgical closure of the shunt has been adjudicated on the basis of explorations and usual tests (and therefore blind to the knowledge of the result of the reactivity test). The test in this study is designed with repeated injections and increasing doses with a continuous flow of acetylcholine in the left lower lobe of the pulmonary artery. The last injection consisted with adenosine with inhaled O2/NO (potentiating effect) for maximum vasodilatation. The parameter of interest is the Doppler flow velocity in the pulmonary artery endothelium-dependent vasodilation by acetylcholine relative to the speed at maximum vasodilatation (adenosine + in nitric oxide (NO) inhalation)

Eligibility

Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patient child or adult, (regardless of age and weight) , which presents with heart

disease with a shunt,

- Patient who requires, during current care, a hemodynamic exploration by

catheterization to assess pulmonary vascular resistance (due to doubt on the operability of the patient on the usual clinical and echo cardiographic data) .

- Informed consent signed by the patient or at least one holder of parental authority,

and the investigator

- Patient affiliated or benefiting from a social security scheme

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient with a specific treatment for PAH (the prostacyclin derivatives, antagonists

of endothelium receptors and inhibitors of phosphodiesterase 5).

- Patient participating in another research with exclusion period

- Known allergy to acetylcholine or adenosine

- Contraindication to the use of KRENOSIN (adenosine)

- atrioventricular block second or third degree, with the exception of patients with

cardiac pacemaker.

- dysfunction sinoatrial (the headset disease) except patients with a pacemaker

- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with bronchospasm (eg bronchial asthma)

- long QT Syndrome

- severe arterial hypotension

- known adenosine hypersensitivity

- Pregnant or patient of childbearing potential not using an effective contraception

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Starting date: January 2016
Last updated: July 20, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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