DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Albumin for Intracerebral Hemorrhage Intervention

Information source: Georgetown University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Intervention: Albumin (Drug); Placebo (Drug); Brain MRI with and without contrast (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Georgetown University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Chelsea Kidwell, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Georgetown University


The purpose of this study is to find out what effects, good and bad, the medication Albumin has on subjects who have experienced a type of stroke known as an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). An ICH is when spontaneous bleeding into the brain occurs due to fragile blood vessels. This research is being done because currently there is no effective treatment for ICH. However, study investigators believe that Albumin, the medication being tested in this study, is safe and may help improve patient recovery from ICH over time. Subjects will be enrolled in the study for a total of 90 days. Following enrollment, subjects will be randomized to receive 3 daily injections of either Albumin or Placebo (liquid with no drug), and will receive 3 brain MRI scans (with and without contrast), as described below. All subjects will be monitored continuously through 96 hours after enrollment (5 days) in the Georgetown ICU. Blood tests and clinical evaluations of neurological status, consisting of questions about subjects' functional abilities and medical history, will occur in the Georgetown ICU once every 24 hours through post-enrollment Day 5. Additionally, subjects will receive daily chest x-rays, and daily EKGs (exams that monitor how your heart is doing by placing electrodes, or small monitors, on your skin in specific locations). Similar clinical evaluations will occur at Day 30 and Day 90. Should subjects be discharged at these time points, day 30 assessments will occur over the phone, and day 90 assessments will occur in-person at Georgetown University Medical Center.

Clinical Details

Official title: Albumin for Intracerebral Hemorrhage Intervention

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Mean Hyperintense Acute injuRy Marker (HARM)

Assessment of Safety of Albumin Administration in Primary ICH

Mean Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH) Volume

Detailed description: We aim to determine the safety and explore the efficacy of human albumin as a neuroprotective (or cytoprotective) agent for the treatment of acute primary supratentorial ICH. Albumin therapy has been shown to be cytoprotective in animal studies of both ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage, and in a phase II human study in ischemic stroke. To date no acute intervention (beyond supportive medical care) has been identified to improve outcomes in patients with primary ICH. Neuronal injury from a primary ICH is due not only to the space occupying effects of the hemorrhage but also due to the development of edema and toxicity from blood breakdown products in the subacute phase. Cytoprotective strategies targeted to limit blood brain barrier (BBB) breakdown and edema formation hold promise as treatment strategies to limit this injury. A number of MR imaging outcome markers demonstrating a potential neuroprotective effect include measures of hematoma volume, perihematomal edema, and blood brain barrier disruption. The term "hyperintense acute injury marker" (HARM) has been proposed to describe the radiologic finding of hyperintense signal within the cerebrospinal fluid spaces visualized on post-contrast fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI in patients with acute ischemic stroke. HARM has the potential to serve as a marker of blood brain barrier disruption in patients with primary ICH. The current study will involve serial MR imaging in ICH patients randomized to placebo vs. albumin to assess whether there are differences in the frequency of HARM and perihematomal edema in the albumin treated patients.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Primary supratentorial ICH

- < 48 hours from symptom onset

- Age >18

- Signed informed consent obtained from the patient or patient's legally authorized

representative Exclusion Criteria:

- ICH volume < 5 cc

- Glasgow Coma Scale < 6

- Surgical evacuation anticipated

- Pre-existing medical, neurological or psychiatric disease that would confound the

neurological, functional, or imaging evaluations

- Pregnancy or breastfeeding

- Hemodynamic instability (SBP < 100 mmHg, > 200 mmHg)

- Current participation in another experimental treatment protocol

- Renal impairment with GFR < 30 or Creatinine > 2. 0

- History of or known allergy to albumin

- History of or known severe allergy to rubber latex

- Episode/exacerbation of congestive heart failure (CHF) from any cause in the last 6

months. (An episode of congestive heart failure is any heart failure that required a change in medication, diet or hospitalization)

- Acute myocardial infarction in the last 6 months

- Elevated serum troponin level on admission > 0. 1 mcg/L

- Known valvular heart disease with CHF in the last 6 months

- Known (or in the investigator's judgment) existence of severe aortic stenosis or

mitral stenosis

- Cardiac surgery involving thoracotomy (e. g., coronary artery bypass graft (CABG),

valve replacement surgery) in the last 6 months

- Suspicion of aortic dissection on admission

- Acute arrhythmia (including any tachy- or bradycardia) with hemodynamic instability

on admission (systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg).

- Findings on physical examination of any of the following: (1) jugular venous

distention (JVP > 4 cm above the sternal angle); (2) 3rd heart sound; (3) resting tachycardia (heart rate > 100/min) attributable to congestive heart failure; (4) abnormal hepatojugular reflux; (5) lower extremity pitting edema attributable to congestive heart failure or without apparent cause; (6) bilateral rales; and/or (7) if a chest x-ray is performed, definite evidence of pulmonary edema, bilateral pleural effusion, or pulmonary vascular redistribution.

- Current acute or chronic lung disease requiring supplemental chronic or intermittent

oxygen therapy.

- Prosthetic heart valves

- Contraindication to MRI (metal implant, etc.)

- Documented left ventricular ejection fraction < 35%

Locations and Contacts

Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia 20007, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2009
Last updated: August 19, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017