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The Effect of Amoxicillin Versus Placebo on Gastrointestinal Motility in Children

Information source: Nationwide Children's Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders

Intervention: Amoxicillin (Drug); Placebo (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Nationwide Children's Hospital

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Nationwide Children's Hospital

Overall contact:
Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD, Phone: 6147223450, Email: Carlo.DiLorenzo@nationwidechildrens.org

Summary

The goal of this study is to determine whether amoxicillin (AMX) alone has an appreciable effect on upper gastrointestinal motility compared to placebo. In particular, induction of phase III of the interdigestive migrating motor complex (MMC) by AMX will be the primary outcome of the study. MMCs are periodic waves of electrical activity resulting in muscular contractions that pass through the walls of the stomach and intestinal tract during the fasting state. It is characterized by an initial period where there is a minimal electrical activity and muscular contraction (phase I), followed by a gradual increase in the frequency of contractions (phase III) that often leads to a characteristic cluster of contractions (phase III). This cycle occurs only in the fasting state in normal individuals and the frequency of phase III is quite varied, dependent on age and the presence of any underlying abnormalities in gastrointestinal motility. Secondary outcomes will include characteristics of the MMC, patient demographics in responders and non-responders, and the safety profile of AMX at the intervention dose.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Effect of Amoxicillin Versus Placebo on Gastrointestinal Motility in Children

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Induction of phase III of the migrating motor complex

Secondary outcome:

Characteristics of the induced phase III of the migrating motor complex

Patient demographics

Adverse events after study drug administration

Detailed description: Motility disorders are common in childhood and can present with a variety of symptoms including recurrent vomiting, abdominal pain and distension. They are often the reason for multiple medical visits and can be associated with significantly impaired quality of life in severe cases. There are a limited number of available medications used to improve motility in the stomach and small bowel, which include dopamine-receptor antagonists, serotonergic agents and antibiotics such as erythromycin. Among the latter group, amoxicillin-clavulanate (AMC) has been shown to enhance fasting small intestinal motility in adults and children. The mechanism of action is not currently known though theories include indirect release of an intraluminal mediator such as motilin, or direct interaction of the β-lactam moiety with γ-aminobutyric acid receptors in the myenteric plexus. AMC is a combination of amoxicillin (AMX) with clavulanic acid (CA), a β-lactamase inhibitor. This modification of the drug results in a broader spectrum of antibacterial activity to include AMX sensitive and β-lactamase-producing strains. Although both AMX and AMC are generally well tolerated, AMX can be associated with fewer adverse effects due to the presence of the CA moiety in AMC. AMC is associated with a higher frequency of nausea, vomiting and transient diarrhea compared to AMX. In a study of outpatient children, patients on AMC have been shown to have an increased risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. Drug-related liver injury is also more common in patients taking AMC. Furthermore, it is advisable to use the most narrow spectrum antibiotic that demonstrates clinical efficacy in light of the emergence of β-lactam-β-lactamase inhibitor-resistant bacterial strains accelerated by excess antibiotic use. AMX has a good safety profile and is frequently prescribed for children by community physicians based on history and physical examination alone. It is the recommended first line treatment in common childhood illnesses such as upper respiratory infections, including ear and sinus infections, and community-acquired pneumonia. The goal of this study is to determine whether a single dose of AMX has an appreciable effect on upper gastrointestinal motility compared to placebo. In particular, induction of phase III of the interdigestive migrating motor complex (MMC) by AMX will be the primary outcome of the study. MMCs are periodic waves of electrical activity resulting in muscular contractions that pass through the walls of the stomach and intestinal tract during the fasting state. It is characterized by an initial period where there is a minimal electrical activity and muscular contraction (phase I), followed by a gradual increase in the frequency of contractions (phase III) that often leads to a characteristic cluster of contractions (phase III). This cycle occurs only in the fasting state in normal individuals and the frequency of phase III is quite varied, dependent on age and the presence of any underlying abnormalities in gastrointestinal motility. Secondary outcomes will include characteristics of the MMC, patient demographics in responders and non-responders, and the safety profile of AMX at the intervention dose.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 3 Years. Maximum age: 21 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Children aged 3-21 years referred to the Motility Department at Nationwide Children's

Hospital for antroduodenal manometry testing Exclusion Criteria:

- History of allergic reaction to amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, or

cephalosporins with a common-side chain (e. g. cefadroxil, cefprozil, cefatrizine)

- Therapy with a prokinetic within 3 days of the scheduled antroduodenal manometry

- Families who do not agree to participate

Locations and Contacts

Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD, Phone: 6147223450, Email: Carlo.DiLorenzo@nationwidechildrens.org

Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio 43205, United States; Recruiting
Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD, Phone: 614-722-3450, Email: Carlo.DiLorenzo@nationwidechildrens.org
Alfred K Yeung, MD, Phone: 6147223450, Email: Alfred.Yeung@nationwidechildrens.org
Alfred K Yeung, MD, Sub-Investigator
Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2012
Last updated: February 7, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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