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Coreg CR, Blood Vessel Stiffness and Blood Vessel Function

Information source: State University of New York - Downstate Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Endothelial Function; Diabetes Mellitus; Hypertension

Intervention: carvedilol (Drug); metoprolol extended release (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: State University of New York - Downstate Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Nathaniel Winer, M.D., Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Stae University of New York Downstate Medical Center

Overall contact:
Nathaniel Winer, M.D., Phone: 718-270-6320, Email: nathaniel.winer@downstate.edu


We are comparing the blood pressure-lowering effects of two marketed medications, Coreg CR and Toprol XL. Although both drugs reduce blood pressure by blocking the action of noradrenaline on beta-receptors in the blood vessels, Coreg CR also blocks alpha-receptors, which may provide added blood pressure-lowering. In addition, Coreg CR may have anti-oxidant actions. Cells which line blood vessels (termed "endothelial cells") make nitric oxide (NO), which relaxes the muscle cells encircling the blood vessels, causing a reduction in blood pressure. When body cells use oxygen, they normally produce "free radicals", which can destroy NO,leading to high blood pressure, heart damage and worsenimg of diabetes. Antioxidants remove free radicals and prevent or repair this damage. In this study we will measure endothelial cell function, blood vessel wall stiffness, NO in exhaled breath, and blood levels of substances which reflect NO production and destruction to determine if a pure beta-blocker (Toprol XL) differs from an alpha/beta blocker (Coreg CR) in these effects. We will also examine the mechanism by which such differences might occur.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Coreg CR on BP, Endothelial Function, Exhaled Nitric Oxide, and Nitric Oxide Production and Oxidation

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Primary outcome: Effect of Coreg CR compared to Toprol XL on endothelial function, vascular compliance, and parameters of oxidative stress from time of randomization to study drug termination

Detailed description: The following techniques will be used: Endothelial function will be measured non-invasively by flow-mediated changes in pulsatile blood volume in the finger-tips. Vascular compliance (stiffness) will be assessed by tonometry of the radial pulse wave ("augmentation index") and diastolic puse wave analysis. Plasma nitrate/nitrite levels mirror NO production and will be measured spectrophotometrically by the Griess reaction. Plasma nitrotyrosine, an in vivo marker of NO-dependent damage induced by reactive nitrogen intermediates derived from NO, will be measured by ELISA. Exhaled NO may provide an real-time measure of endothelial cell NO production and can be measured by a hand-held device which contains an electrochemical detector sensitive to 5 ppb.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 80 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Type 2 diabetes mellitus, 2. Stable antidiabetic regimen for 3 months 3. Hemoglobin A1c <8. 6% 4. Stable antihypertensive medication regimen for 3 months or more, including either an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker Exclusion Criteria: 1. Any clinically significant abnormality on history, physical examination, or laboratory testing which could preclude safe completion of the study 2. Significant cardiac conditions 3. Lung disease 4. Cigarette smoking 5. Chronic kidney disease (Stage 3 or greater) 6. Type 1 diabetes 7. Known contraindication to alpha- or beta-blocker therapy

Locations and Contacts

Nathaniel Winer, M.D., Phone: 718-270-6320, Email: nathaniel.winer@downstate.edu

SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York 11203, United States; Recruiting
Nathaniel Winer, M.D., Phone: 718-270-6320, Email: nathaniel.winer@downstate.edu
Rozina Rana, M.D., Phone: 516-279-8092, Email: rrana786@gmail.com
Additional Information

Starting date: April 2008
Last updated: February 9, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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