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Pharmacokinetic Study of Avastin and Doxil in Ovarian Cancer

Information source: New York University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Ovarian Cancer

Intervention: Doxil (Drug); Bevacizumab (Avastin) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: New York University School of Medicine

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Franco Muggia, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: New York University School of Medicine

Summary

This study is to study pharmacokinetics of Doxil using Doxil and Avastin on ovarian cancer patients who are resistant to or have relapsed from platinum-based therapy.

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase II and Pharmacokinetic Study of Avastin and Doxil in the Treatment of Platinum-resistant or Refractory Ovarian Cancer

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: change in peak plasma concentration of Doxil without and with Avastin

Detailed description: This study registration at clinicaltrials. gov is divided into 2 records. This record (NCT00846612) is for pharmacokinetics of Doxil. Another record (NCT00945139) describes the efficacy and safety of the combination treatment. Treatment upon diagnosis of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) consists of surgery to achieve maximal tumor debulking followed by platinum-based chemotherapy (carboplatin + paclitaxel). Recently, optimally (e. g., < 1 cm residual disease) debulked patients appear to benefit from regimens that include intraperitoneal administration of cisplatin. While complete response (CR) is frequently achieved, by two years 50% of the patients show signs of recurrence. When EOC presenting at an advanced stage recurs, even after a CR had been achieved, it can no longer be totally eradicated. Nevertheless, a number of drugs lead to objective responses, patients benefit with a prolongation of survival. Anti-tumor activity of Doxil against ovarian cancer was noted in a phase I study, and this was followed by a phase II study that demonstrated activity in platinum and paclitaxel refractory disease. In the expanded phase II experience at the University of Southern California, responses to Doxil occurred preferably in disease that was not bulky and after fewer prior treatments. Typically, several cycles were required for maximum response, and some patients had prolonged stable disease. Subsequently, the study of Gordon et al established the preferred role of this drug formulation in the 2nd line-setting. It is logical, therefore, to build on this agent in trying to improve the outcome of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, and in particular, to consider a combination with Avastin, since Avastin has shown agent activity in retrospective data and recent studies in EOC. A combination of Doxil with Avastin has several aspects of interest to ovarian cancer treatment: 1) independent single-agent activity, 2) enhanced localization of Doxil is possible via increased half-life (if liposomal egress is diminished) and decreased tumoral interstitial pressure, 3) improved Doxil distribution, and 4) likely favorable toxicity profile since Doxil's only common problematic toxicity is to the skin (palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia or PPE). Pharmacokinetic issues will be addressed in selected patients, by comparing cycle 1 (without Avastin) with cycle 2 (with Avastin).

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must be platinum resistant

- No prior anthracycline use

- PS ≤ 2

- Lab values within certain limits (ANC > 1000, platelets > 100,000; ALT, AST 2x ULN,

creatinine < 2. 0);

- No more than 3 prior chemotherapy regimens, only 2 of which can have included

platinum-containing regimens.

- Use of effective means of contraception in subjects of child-bearing potential

Exclusion Criteria:

- Disease-Specific Exclusions:

- Evidence of complete or partial bowel obstruction

- Need for IV hydration or TPN

- > 2 prior abdominal surgeries

- History of gastrointestinal perforation

- Gastrointestinal perforation due to any other cause within the last 6 months

- General Medical Exclusions:

- Inability to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures

- Life expectancy of less than 12 weeks

- Current, recent (within 4 weeks of the first infusion of this study), or planned

participation in an experimental drug study other than a Genentech-sponsored Avastin cancer study

- Avastin-Specific Exclusions:

- Inadequately controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure greater

than 150 and/or diastolic blood pressure > 100 mmHg on antihypertensive medications)

- Any prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy

- New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure

(see Appendix E of the protocol)

- History of myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months prior to

study enrollment

- History of stroke or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to study

enrollment

- Known CNS disease

- Significant vascular disease (e. g., aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection)

- Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease

- Evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy

- Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28

days prior to study enrollment or anticipation of need for major surgical procedure during the course of the study

- Core biopsy or other minor surgical procedure, excluding placement of a vascular

access device, within 7 days prior to study enrollment

- History of abdominal fistula, or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior

to study enrollment

- Serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture

- Proteinuria at screening as demonstrated by either

- Urine protein: creatinine (UPC) ratio no less than 1. 0 at screening OR

- Urine dipstick for proteinuria ≥ 2+ (patients discovered to have ≥2+

proteinuria on dipstick urinalysis at baseline should undergo a 24 hour urine collection and must demonstrate ≤ 1g of protein in 24 hours to be eligible).

- Known hypersensitivity to any component of Avastin

- Pregnant (positive pregnancy test) or lactating. No effective means of

contraception (men and women) in subjects of child-bearing potential

Locations and Contacts

Univ. of New Mexico cancer research and treatment center, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, United States

Bellevue Hospital, New York, New York 10016, United States

NYU Cancer Center, New York, New York 10016, United States

NYU medical center (Tisch Hospital), New York, New York 10016, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: January 2008
Last updated: October 18, 2012

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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