DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

A Randomized, Clinical Trial of Vitamin E and Memantine in Alzheimer's Disease

Information source: Department of Veterans Affairs
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Alzheimer's Disease

Intervention: dl-alpha-tocopherol (Drug); Memantine (Drug); dl-alpha-tocopherol (Drug); Memantine (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Department of Veterans Affairs

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Maurice Dysken, Study Chair, Affiliation: Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center


The purpose of this study is to determine whether alpha-tocopherol, memantine (Namenda), or the combination will significantly delay clinical progression in mild to moderately demented patients with Alzheimer's disease compared to placebo.

Clinical Details

Official title: CSP #546 - A Randomized, Clinical Trial of Vitamin E and Memantine in Alzheimer's Disease (TEAM-AD)

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome:

Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study/Activities of Daily Living (ADCS/ADL) Inventory Change From Baseline

Mini-Mental State Examination Change From Baseline

Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive (ADAS-cog) Change From Baseline

Neuropsychiatric Inventory Change From Baseline

Caregiver Activity Survey Change From Baseline

Secondary outcome: Dependence Scale: Time to Event Analysis (Increase of of One Dependence Level)

Detailed description: Abstract: Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disorder resulting in cognitive loss, behavioral problems, and functional decline, is characterized by well-established and well-known neuropathological changes in the brain. Cognitive deficits and behavioral symptoms are thought to be due to cholinergic neuronal degeneration and loss associated with oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Current therapeutic strategies include efforts to 1. enhance cholinergic neuronal function, 2. promote neuroprotective effects, and 3. block pathologic activity of excessive glutamate with a moderate-affinity NMDA antagonist. A combination of pharmacological therapies directed at simultaneously improving neuronal function and neuroprotection would presumably be more effective than either treatment alone. To test this hypothesis, this study will examine the efficacy of drug treatment with a combination of 1. any of three FDA approved cholinesterase inhibitors that facilitates central acetylcholine neurotransmission (donepezil, rivastigmine, galantamine); 2. alpha-tocopherol, a fat soluble vitamin that has been shown to slow the rate of progression of AD, presumably through neuroprotective mechanism that reduces oxidative stress; and 3. memantine, a moderate-affinity NMDA antagonist that blocks excessive stimulation of NMDA receptors by glutamate. CSP#546 will be a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, clinical trial to assess the efficacy of adding alpha-tocopherol, memantine, and the combination for the treatment of functional decline in mild-to-moderately demented patients with Alzheimer's disease (MMSE 12-26) who are currently taking an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AchEI). Eligible Veterans will be randomly assigned to either 1. 2,000 IU/d of alpha-tocopherol plus memantine placebo, 2. 20 mg/d of memantine (Namenda) plus alpha-tocopherol placebo, 3. 2,000 IU/d of alpha-tocopherol plus 20 mg/d of memantine, or 4. alpha-tocopherol placebo plus memantine placebo. The primary outcome for the study will be progression of AD as measured by the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study/Activities of Daily Living (ADCS/ADL) inventory. The ADCS/ADL inventory is an established outcome measure that was designed to assess functional capacity over a broad range of dementia severity and to be sensitive in measuring dementia progression. Secondary outcome measures will include the following five instruments:

Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-cog) (cognition), MMSE

(cognition), The Dependence Scale (function), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) (behavior), and Caregiver Activity Survey (CAS) (caregiver time). Outcomes and safety assessments will be obtained at baseline and every six months. The target sample size for the trial will be 620 patients (210 per treatment arm). This sample size will provide 90% power to detect a 4-point mean treatment difference in the ADCS/ADL inventory by the end of the average follow-up period, adjusted for losses. The effects to be detected are modest and translate into a 17. 7% reduction in the annual rate of decline with each therapy given alone, and if the effects are additive, an approximate 35% reduction for combined therapy. These effects are equivalent to slowing the rate of progression of the disease by nearly 6 months for monotherapy and 12 months for combined therapy. To achieve the target sample size, Veterans will be recruited over a 3-year period with an estimated minimum follow-up of 1 year and a maximum of 4 years. A total of 10 to 15 VA sites will be established to enroll an average of one Veteran every 2 weeks. CSP#546 is designed to assess both a clinically and economically important treatment effect. If the study definitely determined that alpha-tocopherol, memantine, or the combination delays the progression of AD, the study would be tremendously valuable in reducing the financial and emotional costs of the disease in the VA and U. S. as a whole.


Minimum age: 40 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. Diagnoses of possible or probable Alzheimer's disease (NINCDS-ADRDA) 2. Presence of a caregiver (friend or relative) who can assume responsibility for medication compliance, can accompany the patient to all visits, and rate patient's condition 3. Written informed consent from both the patient (or surrogate) and caregiver 4. An MMSE score between 12 and 26 inclusive 5. Administration of a maintenance dosage of donepezil (5-10mg/d), rivastigmine (6-12mg/d) or rivastigmine (Exelon) patch (4. 6 mg or 9. 5 mg), galantamine or galantamine ER (16-24mg/d) for a minimum of 4 weeks prior to randomization 6. Agreement not to take vitamin E supplements and/or memantine outside of the study (daily multivitamin is permitted containing up to 100 IU alpha-tocopherol) Exclusion Criteria: 1. A non-Alzheimer primary dementia (e. g., vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, fronto-temporal dementia, vitamin B-12 deficiency, hypothyroidism) 2. Current major depression, delirium, alcohol or psychoactive substance abuse or dependency, schizophrenia, or delusional disorder as defined by DSM-IV 3. Presence of any uncontrolled systemic illness that would interfere with participation in the study or a life expectancy of less than one year 4. Pregnant or intention to become pregnant 5. Enrollment in another interventional clinical trial 6. Current prescription with more than one AChE inhibitor 7. Current prescription for warfarin 8. Use of vitamin E supplements in the past 2 weeks 9. Use of memantine in the past 4 weeks or known intolerance 10. Estimated creatinine clearance less than 5ml/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula) 11. Use of amantadine in the past 2 weeks

Locations and Contacts

VA Medical Center, San Juan, San Juan 00921, Puerto Rico

VA Medical Center, Bay Pines, Bay Pines, Florida 33708, United States

VA Medical Center, Miami, Miami, Florida 33125, United States

VA Medical Center, Iowa City, Iowa City, Iowa 52246-2208, United States

VA Maryland Health Care System, Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, United States

VA Medical Center, Jamaica Plain Campus, Boston, Massachusetts 02130, United States

VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113, United States

VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55417, United States

Salisbury VAMC, Salisbury, North Carolina 28144, United States

VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, United States

Ralph H Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina 29401-5799, United States

VA North Texas Health Care System, Dallas, Dallas, Texas 75216, United States

VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Seattle, Washington 98108, United States

Wlliam S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705, United States

Additional Information

Related publications:

Dysken MW, Guarino PD, Vertrees JE, Asthana S, Sano M, Llorente M, Pallaki M, Love S, Schellenberg GD, McCarten JR, Malphurs J, Prieto S, Chen P, Loreck DJ, Carney S, Trapp G, Bakshi RS, Mintzer JE, Heidebrink JL, Vidal-Cardona A, Arroyo LM, Cruz AR, Kowall NW, Chopra MP, Craft S, Thielke S, Turvey CL, Woodman C, Monnell KA, Gordon K, Tomaska J, Vatassery G. Vitamin E and memantine in Alzheimer's disease: clinical trial methods and baseline data. Alzheimers Dement. 2014 Jan;10(1):36-44. doi: 10.1016/j.jalz.2013.01.014. Epub 2013 Apr 11.

Starting date: August 2007
Last updated: July 14, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017