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Taxotere and Adriamycin/Cytoxan (AC) Validation in Breast Cancer Patients

Information source: Baylor Breast Care Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Breast Cancer

Intervention: Taxotere (Drug); Adriamycin/Cytoxan (Drug); docetaxol (Drug); doxorubicin (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Baylor Breast Care Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mothaffar Rimawi, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Baylor Breast Center

Overall contact:
Kristen Otte, BS, CRC, Phone: 713-798-1999, Email: kristen.otte@bcm.edu


The purpose of this study is to learn if the biomarker information obtained (learned or received) from the earlier studies can tell us whether or not Taxotere and/or Adriamycin/Cytoxan can cause tumors to become smaller.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized Multicenter Trial of Neoadjuvant Taxotere (T) and Adriamycin/Cytoxan (Ac): A Validation

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: assess clinical tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (Taxotere and AC) and to validate that clinical response strongly correlates with prospectively-determined regimen-specific gene expression profiles of sensitivity and resistance

Secondary outcome: determine time to tumor progression; median overall survival; and document toxicities associated with the chemotherapy regimens

Detailed description: Large clinical trials have confirmed the value of systemic adjuvant therapy in decreasing the risk of recurrence and death in patients with early breast cancer. However, the need to identify breast cancer patients who will benefit from adjuvant therapy, while sparing others from the side effects of futile treatment, is spurring research into predictive markers of chemotherapy sensitivity and resistance. In the adjuvant setting, extremely large trials and long follow-up would be required to prospectively validate the predictive value of biomarkers of chemotherapy sensitivity or resistance. In part this is because response is not directly observable. Preoperative chemotherapy for large tumors (>3cm) or inoperable breast cancer is well established and is the standard of care for locally advanced breast cancer. Data from large series of patients have demonstrated that preoperative (neoadjuvant) chemotherapy leads to significant reduction of tumor size (downstaging) and improves both the rate and the cosmetic results of breast- conserving surgery. The degree of response to neoadjuvant therapy has been shown to predict improved overall survival. This is therefore an attractive setting to study predictors of response because tissue is accessible from pre- therapeutic biopsies and tumor response is directly observable. In an early proof-of-principle pilot study of single agent neoadjuvant docetaxol, we identified a predictive gene expression pattern, and, using leave-one-cross validation, a method of internal validation, we demonstrated that the pattern was likely to accurately discriminate between responders and non-responders (Chang, J. C., et al., Gene expression profiling for the prediction of therapeutic response to docetaxel in patients with breast cancer. Lancet, 2003. 362(9381): p. 362-9). A similar pilot study of neoadjuvant AC undertaken by a collaborator in the UK suggests that different profiles will be predictive for AC response. In order to definitively determine predictive patterns for both regimens (T and AC) using improved technology for RNA preparation and a larger, more comprehensive gene expression array, we undertook a randomized Phase II trial of these two widely used regimens (Protocol


(AC): A BIOLOGIC CORRELATIVE STUDY). The trial is nearing completion, having recruited more than 90 patients out of an expected 120 patients. To date, the risks associated with this study have been modest, and there have been no unexpected adverse events. The laboratory work is well underway and gives every indication that clinically useful classifiers to predict treatment efficacy will result.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Female.


Inclusion Criteria: 1. All patients must be female. 2. Signed informed consent. 3. Primary breast cancers must be of clinical and/or radiologic size >3 cm, and deemed surgically operable. 4. Negative serum pregnancy test (bHCG) within 7 days of starting study, if of child-bearing potential. 5. Adequate bone marrow function:

- Hematocrit of greater than 30%,

- total neutrophil count must be >1. 5 x 10^9/L and

- platelets of > 100 x 10^9/L prior to the start of any cycle.

6. Renal function tests:

- creatinine within 1. 5 times of the institution's upper limit of normal (ULN).

7. Liver function tests:

- Total serum bilirubin within ULN, and

- liver transaminases within 2. 5 times ULN, and

- alkaline phosphatase within 5 times ULN.

8. Electrocardiogram showing no acute ischemic changes. 9. Performance status (World Health Organization [WHO] scale) <2. 10. Age > 18 years. 11. Patients older than 70 years of age should have left ventricular ejection fraction within ULN by multigated acquisition scan (MUGA) or 2D echocardiogram. Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients with metastatic breast cancer. 2. Pregnancy or unwillingness to use a reliable contraceptive method in women of child-bearing potential. 3. Women who are lactating or breastfeeding. 4. Severe underlying chronic illness or disease.

5. Peripheral neuropathy - grade 2 or greater.

6. Patients on other investigational drugs while on study will be excluded. 7. Severe or uncontrolled hypertension, history of congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, or severe coronary arterial disease. 8. Prior taxane or anthracycline chemotherapy for malignancy. 9. Patients with a history of severe hypersensitivity reaction to Taxotere or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80. 10. No previous or current malignancies at other sites within the last 5 years, with exception of adequately treated cone-biopsied in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri and basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.

Locations and Contacts

Kristen Otte, BS, CRC, Phone: 713-798-1999, Email: kristen.otte@bcm.edu

Baylor Breast Center, Houston, Texas 77030, United States; Recruiting
Brenda Reusser, BA, Phone: 713-798-1999, Email: breusser@breastcenter.tmc.edu
Garrett Lynch, MD, Sub-Investigator
C Kent Osborne, MD, Sub-Investigator
Susan Hislenbeck, Sub-Investigator
Mothaffar Rimawi, MD, Sub-Investigator
Julie Nangia, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: September 2004
Last updated: July 27, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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