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Comparative Evaluation of Albumin and Starch Effects in Acute Lung Injury (ALI)

Information source: Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Lung Injury, Acute (ALI); Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Acute (ARDS)

Intervention: 5% human albumin (Drug); 6% hetastarch (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Suspended

Sponsored by: Emory University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Greg S Martin, MD, MSc, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Emory University


Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are similar conditions in which the lungs are critically injured by another inflammatory process in the body. Together they affect more than 150,000 people per year in the United States, with mortality approaching 50% and a financial burden estimated to exceed $5 billion. Fluid overload, weight gain, and reduced oncotic pressure (low blood proteins) are associated with prolonged need for mechanical ventilation and mortality in patients with ALI/ARDS. Historical studies have provided conflicting evidence for benefits with colloid or diuretic therapy in ALI/ARDS, but recent clinical trials have demonstrated significant improvements in blood oxygen levels. The mechanisms of these benefits are not yet certain, but appear to relate to albumin's (a protein medicine) specific ability to influence injury and inflammation in the lungs, thus improving the ability for the lung to repair and exchange oxygen. The purpose of this project is to determine the effects of therapies that affect blood proteins on their ability to change the way the lungs and cardiovascular system (heart and blood vessels) function. Special measurements will be taken to understand how these protein medicines change the ability of the lung and whole body to recover from widespread injury, with additional measures of specific heart and lung function. This clinical trial randomizes ALI/ARDS patients with low blood protein levels to receive albumin (a natural blood protein that is known to influence inflammation) or hetastarch (a synthetic blood protein) with diuretic therapy targeted to improve respiratory function. Therapeutic effects on respiratory function and blood oxygen levels, extravascular lung water, oncotic pressure, lung fluid removal, and heart function will be characterized. This trial will advance our understanding of treatment of ALI/ARDS and the factors that affect fluid balance in the lungs of these patients.

Funding Source - FDA OOPD

Clinical Details

Official title: Phase III Study Comparing Albumin and Hetastarch Therapy in Acute Lung Injury

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Change in extravascular lung water (EVLW)

Secondary outcome:

Change in oxygenation (PaO2/FiO2 ratio)

Duration of mechanical ventilation (ventilator-free days)


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Consensus clinical definition of ALI or ARDS:

- PaO2 / FiO2 ratio ≤ 200 (ARDS) or ≤ 300 (ALI), and;

- Bilateral infiltrates on chest x-ray, and;

- No clinical evidence of congestive heart failure, and;

- PAOP ≤ 18 mm Hg, if a pulmonary arterial catheter is present

- Serum total protein concentration < 6. 0 g/dL.

- Endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation ≥ 24 hours.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Hemodynamic instability within the prior 24 hours: (either of the following)

- Ongoing fluid resuscitation defined as > 2 liters of crystalloid boluses or > 4

units of blood products transfused in the prior 24-hour period.

- Vasopressor support exceeding any of the following:

- Dopamine or dobutamine > 5 mcg/kg/min, or in combination at any dose; or

- Any other vasoactive agent (i. e. epinephrine, norepinephrine,


- Significant renal disease (either of the following at the time of screening):

- End-stage renal disease, or

- Renal insufficiency with serum creatinine ≥ 3. 0 mg/dL or urine output < 500cc/24


- Allergy to albumin, hetastarch or furosemide.

- Increased risk for bleeding:

- Within 72 hours of any surgical procedure requiring use of the operating room,


- Any current or previously diagnosed bleeding disorder, or

- History of any intracranial abnormality (including, but not limited to,

intracranial arteriovenous malformations, subdural/subarachnoid/intracerebral hemorrhage, intracranial mass lesions) or traumatic brain injury with GCS < 9 in the prior 14 days, or

- Prothrombin time international normalized ratio (INR) > 2. 0, partial

thromboplastin time (PTT) > 1. 5 times control, platelet count < 50,000/cc3

- Risk for worsening pulmonary edema due to systolic heart failure.

- Technical pulse contour analysis limitations:

- Absence of central venous catheter, clinical arterial vascular disease, severe

hypothermia (core temperature < 94°F), weight < 40 kg or > 250 kg, clinically significant bleeding diathesis.

- Failure of the patient or nearest relative to provide informed consent.

- Refusal of the patient's attending physician to provide consent to participate.

- Age < 18 years.

- Pregnancy.

- Inability to quantify urine output (e. g. absence of bladder or bladder catheter).

- Significant hypokalemia (K+ < 3. 5 meq/L), hypernatremia (Na+ > 155 meq/L) or

hypomagnesemia (Mg < 1. 0 meq/L)

- Patient meets criteria for weaning mechanical ventilation:

- Required FiO2 ≤ 0. 40 and PEEP ≤ 5, and;

- Spontaneous tidal volumes > 5 ml / kg, and;

- Spontaneous respiratory rate < 20 / minute, and;

- Capable of spontaneous ventilation on CPAP=5, PS=5.

- Expected survival ≤ 120 hours.

Locations and Contacts

Emory Crawford Long Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30308, United States

Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, United States

Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta, Georgia 30303, United States

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: January 2009
Last updated: May 28, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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