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Racemic Ketamine Versus S-ketamine With Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL)-MRI in Healthy Volunteers

Information source: Lund University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Healthy; Abnormal Vascular Flow

Intervention: Racemic ketamine (Drug); S-ketamine (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Lund University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Jonas Åkeson, profesor, Study Director, Affiliation: Lund University


Racemic ketamine and S-ketamine are used in clinical practice today. Little is known of their difference in effect on cerebral blood flow, volume and metabolism. cerebral blood flow (CBF) measuring techniques are limited in time so constant measurement to mirror a dynamic process is impossible or very difficult. A novel MRI application, arterial spin labeling, offers the possibility that without radiation or contrast, to measure semi-continuous CBF with measurements every 60-120 seconds. The investigators will give 14 healthy volunteers both study drugs in a randomised sequence with one week apart and measure regional CBF during the study period of 45 minutes after a sub-anaesthetic bolus dose of 0,6 mg/kg racemic ketamine and 0,3 mg/kg S-ketamine The investigators hypothesize that there is no difference between racemic ketamine and S(+)-ketamine with regards to Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) measured cerebral blood flow.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Prospective Randomised, Double-blinded Cross-over Study to Investigate the Effects of Racemic and S-ketamine on Cerebral Blood Flow on Healthy Volunteers With MRI-ASL

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: regional cerebral blood flow

Detailed description: In this investigator-initiated randomised, double-blinded, crossover study, adult healthy volunteers will be randomised to receive, as 60-second iv bolus injections on two different occasions with at least seven days interval, 0. 3 mg kg of S-ketamine (Ketanest® 5. 0 mg/ ml, Pfizer, USA) or 0. 6 mg/kg of racemic ketamine (Ketalar® 10 mg/ml, Pfizer, USA) supplied by the hospital pharmacy. The volunteers will consecutively be given specific inclusion numbers and randomized according to a schedule with corresponding randomization codes prepared in advance by the Research & Development Centre of the Skåne Region, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden. Before each investigation, a sealed envelope marked with the corresponding inclusion number, will be opened in a separate room by a nurse not taking further part in the study. The nurse prepared the study drug according to the randomization code in a 20 ml syringe based on a bodyweight-based dosing schedule, and diluted the study drug with saline to a total volume of 20 ml. The prepared syringe, marked with the inclusion number, date and signature, will be handed over to the investigator. After an initial 10-minute period of dynamic baseline measurements, the study drug will be injected manually by the investigator. ASL measurements will be made over a 45-minute study period starting from the injection of study drug, and the volunteer will be brought to the preparation room for at least 60 minutes of further supervision until clinical routine criteria for postoperative discharge will be met. Fourteen healthy (American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status 1) adult volunteers will be included after physical examinations and individual written informed consents. Female subjects will be required to use effective anti-conception methods during the study period. The volunteers will have to refrain from caffeine, nicotine, alcohol and medications for 72 hours, and fast for six hours, but will be allowed to drink water until two hours before each ASL-MRI investigation. Each volunteer will be offered ear plugs, asked to rest with eyes closed during the scanning procedure, and left undisturbed throughout the study period. Oxygen 2 l/min will be delivered by nasal cannula. A hand vein will be cannulated with a 20 G (1. 1 mm) 45 mm teflon catheter for injection of study drug, and a balanced glucose solution will be infused at a rate of 1. 0 ml/kg/h iv. The radial artery will be cannulated at wrist level with a 20 G 45 mm teflon catheter after local infiltration with 2-3 ml of lidocaine. Each volunteer will be connected to an N-MRI2-01 monitoring device recording the ECG, invasive blood pressure, SpO2, ETCO2 and respiratory rate. Monitored data will be sampled minutely throughout the study period, saved onto a PC card and analyzed with the Datex-Ohmeda S/5Collect version 4. 0™ software package. Arterial blood for blood gas analysis was obtained at baseline and at 1, 5, 10 and 15 min after injection of the study drug. Analyses were made on a Radiometer ABL800 FLEX device The ASL data will be acquired using a 3 Tesla MRI unit. A three-dimensional (3D) GRASE pulse sequence will be employed (2), using a labeling and saturation schedule based on FAIR (3) and Q2TIPS (4). Drug-induced changes in regional perfusion will be monitored over time using a single inversion time (TI) of 2000 ms and repeated 115 times, and a repetition time (TR) of 3000 ms. For multiple TI, ten time points were acquired with a starting point at TI = 300 ms and an increment of 300 ms between time points, the total inflow time was 1400 ms and the TR was set to 3700 ms. Data sets will be preprocessed using realign tools of the Statistical Parameters Mapping version 8. 0 (SPM8) software package (Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience, London, UK; http://www. fil. ion. ucl. ac. uk/spm) and executed in the Matlab 7. 11 software package. The labeled and control images will be pair-wise subtracted to produce CBF-weighted ASL images from re-aligned control/tag images, and these difference maps were denoised using an established wavelet-domain filtering method (5), and an in-house software program written in IDL 7. 1 (ITT Visual Information Solutions, Boulder, CO, USA). Values of CBF (in ml/100g/min) will be calculated using a general kinetic model (6) according to the Buxton equation CBF values will be determined by drawing different numbers of symmetrical cerebral regions of interest (ROI) bilaterally to outline the grey matter of the frontal lobes, parietal lobes, temporal lobes, occipital lobes, insular cortex, anterior cingulate, posterior cingulate, thalamus, caudate nucleus and putamen. Global CBF values will determined by drawing a large ROI to outline the whole brain tissue within the skull.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- healthy (ASA 1),

- age 18-65 years,

- fertile women must use approved anticonception during study period (2 weeks)

Exclusion Criteria:

- known or suspected pregnancy,

- BMI < 30,

- motion sickness,

- claustrophobia,

- somatic or psychiatric disease,

- drug abuse,

- chronic medication,

- drug allergy,

- difficulties in understanding the written and spoken Swedish language

Locations and Contacts

Deprtment of radiology, SUS, Malmö, Malmö 205 02, Sweden
Additional Information

Starting date: May 2011
Last updated: February 20, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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