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Effects of Heart Rate Reduction on Central Arterial Pressure in Healthy Individuals

Information source: Bayside Health
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Central Arterial Pressure

Intervention: Ivabradine (Drug); Metoprolol (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Withdrawn

Sponsored by: Bayside Health

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Bronwyn A Kingwell, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Baker IDI Hearte & Diabetes Institute


The purpose of this project is to determine the effects of slowing heart rate upon both central and peripheral blood pressures using Ivabradine. The effects of Ivabradine will be compared to Metoprolol and placebo. Participants will attend the hospital for 3 visits where they will be randomised to receive either Ivabradine, Metoprolol and placebo on each visit. Non-invasive measures of blood pressure will be recorded before and after consuming the study drug.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Influence of Heart Rate Reduction Upon Central Arterial Pressure in Younger and Older Healthy Individuals

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome: central arterial pressure

Detailed description: Participants will undergo three days of laboratory testing, each visit separated by at least seven days. In order to assess each potential participant's suitability for the study based upon the relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria, the first visit will involve a medical consultation (history and physical examination), venepuncture (for full blood examination, lipid profile and biochemistry) and a 12-lead surface electrocardiogram. Baseline measurements of central and peripheral arterial and pulse wave velocity will be made at baseline, and 4 hours following the administration of either placebo, 50mg of metoprolol or a 10mg oral dose of ivabradine. The placebo will contain lactose powder. Subjects will be randomized according to a 3-by-3 Latin square design. Central pulse pressure will be assessed using carotid artery tonometry using a non-invasive Millar Mikro-tip pressure transducer. The transducer is used to applanate the carotid artery and calibrated using brachial mean and diastolic blood pressure (automated oscillometric sphygmomanometer). Pressure waveforms will also be recorded at the radial, brachial and femoral arteries to permit study of wave reflection at these sites. Measurements will be taken be taken before and 4 hours following the oral administration of metoprolol/ivabradine/placebo. Bias will be minimized by blinding both the participants and research staff responsible for data collection to the administered drug. Any potential patient-specific confounding factors will have minimal impact, as the same participants will be studied after the administration of the three agents.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 85 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria: Healthy volunteers:

- aged 18 - 25 years OR

- aged >60 years

Exclusion Criteria:

- Chronic disease

- Unable to give informed consent

- Treated or untreated systemic arterial hypertension (SBP >160mmHg and/or DBP >


- Resting bradycardia (heart rate < 60 beats/minute)

- Pregnancy or active lactation

Locations and Contacts

The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2008
Last updated: November 7, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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