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Comparison of Dexmedetomidin and Remifentanil for the Effect on Airway Reflex and Hemodynamic Response During Emergence in Patients Undergoing Craniotomy

Information source: Yonsei University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Open Craniotomy

Intervention: remifentanil (Drug); dexmedetomidine with remifentanil (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Yonsei University


During recovery from general anesthesia the stimuli of endotracheal tube lead to the coughing, hypertension, tachycardia, which can cause a serious complication. Especially the postoperative course of patients emerging from general anesthesia after intracranial surgery is frequently complicated by the occurrence of hypertension and coughing event. It has been demonstrated that opioid, intravenous or topical lidocaine administration can attenuate the coughing reflex. Administered the opioid before emergence, it is effective to prevent cough reflex but the recovery is delayed, it was difficult to predict emergence. However, remifentanil is an opioid widely used because of rapid context-sensitive half-life, target-controled infusion method to adequately maintain the effect site concentration could help to predict the recovery time to the alert state from the general anesthesia. It is considered proper method of continuous infusion of remifentanil for reducing emergence cough. Dexmedetomidine , a potent alpha adrenoceptor agonist which dose-dependently reduces arterial blood pressure and heart rate, decreases the hemodynamic and and catecholamine response to intubation and extubation. It is thus theologically appropriate for reducing airway and circulatory reflexes during emergence from anesthesia. In this study, the investigators used bolus dexmedetomidine immediately before extubation, and compared the effects on coughing, hemodynamic response and recovery profile to a continuous infusion of remifentanil.

Clinical Details

Official title: Comparison of Dexmedetomidin and Remifentanil for the Effect on Airway Reflex and Hemodynamic Response During Emergence in Patients Undergoing Craniotomy

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome: cough incidence


Minimum age: 20 Years. Maximum age: 70 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- SA I~II, 2. aged between 20 and 70 year, 4. general anesthesia for craniectomy

Exclusion Criteria:

- signs of an anatomical or functional abnormality in upper airway

- URI or sore throat for recent 2 weeks

- Congestive heart failure, Sinus Bradycardia(<50 BPM), Uncontrolled hypertension

- Chronic obstructive lung disease, bronchial asthma

Locations and Contacts

Severance Hospital, Seoul 120-752, Korea, Republic of
Additional Information

Starting date: May 2011
Last updated: June 29, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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