DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Comparison Study of Insulin Glargine and NPH Insulin

Information source: Providence Health & Services
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diabetes

Intervention: Switching to NPH insulin (Drug); Continuation of insulin glargine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Enrolling by invitation

Sponsored by: Providence Health & Services

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Elizabeth Stephens, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Providence Medical Group


This study will compare the safety, effectiveness, and cost of two different types of long-acting insulin.

Clinical Details

Official title: Basal Insulin Therapy in Patients With Insulin Resistance: A 6 Month Comparison of Insulin Glargine and NPH Insulin

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Difference in A1C between groups at 6 months

Secondary outcome:

Difference in A1C between groups at 3 months

Difference in self-monitored blood glucose averages between groups

Difference in incidence of hypoglycemia between each group

Difference in units of basal insulin used per day between groups

Difference in total units of insulin per day between groups

Difference in percent of patients who require initiation/titration of prandial insulin between each group

Difference in rate of mortality in each group during study period

Difference in morbidity between each group during study period

Compare cost of insulin therapy over study period at study completion

Differences in change in weight during study period between groups

Difference in number of visits with clinical pharmacist

Detailed description: In this study the investigators will be comparing two long-acting insulins, insulin glargine and NPH insulin. The trial will be evaluating differences in effectiveness, safety and cost between the two agents when used in patients on more than 80 units or 1unit/kg long-acting insulin. The investigators hypothesis is that patients switched from lantus to NPH will have improved blood glucose control.


Minimum age: N/A. Maximum age: 85 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Adult patients at 22 Providence Medical Group primary care clinics

- Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus

- Currently using greater than 80 units/day of insulin glargine or greater than 1

unit/kg/day of insulin glargine

- Current A1C > 8. 5% (within 3 months of randomization)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus

- Age > 85 years

- Self-reported history of severe hypoglycemia or hypoglycemia unawareness

- Hospice/limited life expectancy

- Current enrollment in Providence Medical Group Medication Assistance Program

- Current use of a GLP1 agonist (i. e., liraglutide, exenatide, exenatide


- End stage renal disease (i. e., dialysis or estimated glomerular filtration rate <15

ml/min/1. 73m2)

- Cirrhosis

- Unstable coronary artery disease or chronic heart failure (i. e. an exacerbation or

hospitalization within 6 months pre-randomization)

- Psychiatric condition that prevents adequate follow-up (i. e., > 3 missed follow-up

visits within a 3 month period or persistent non-adherence to dosing or monitoring recommendations)

- Active alcohol or drug abuse

- Inability to provide informed consent

Locations and Contacts

Providence Medical Group Northeast Clinic, Portland, Oregon 97213, United States
Additional Information

Related publications:

Wang Z, Hedrington MS, Gogitidze Joy N, Briscoe VJ, Richardson MA, Younk L, Nicholson W, Tate DB, Davis SN. Dose-response effects of insulin glargine in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2010 Jul;33(7):1555-60. doi: 10.2337/dc09-2011. Epub 2010 Mar 31.

Fritsche A, Schweitzer MA, Häring HU; 4001 Study Group. Glimepiride combined with morning insulin glargine, bedtime neutral protamine hagedorn insulin, or bedtime insulin glargine in patients with type 2 diabetes. A randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Jun 17;138(12):952-9.

Eliaschewitz FG, Calvo C, Valbuena H, Ruiz M, Aschner P, Villena J, Ramirez LA, Jimenez J; HOE 901/4013 LA Study Group. Therapy in type 2 diabetes: insulin glargine vs. NPH insulin both in combination with glimepiride. Arch Med Res. 2006 May;37(4):495-501.

Yki-Järvinen H, Kauppinen-Mäkelin R, Tiikkainen M, Vähätalo M, Virtamo H, Nikkilä K, Tulokas T, Hulme S, Hardy K, McNulty S, Hänninen J, Levänen H, Lahdenperä S, Lehtonen R, Ryysy L. Insulin glargine or NPH combined with metformin in type 2 diabetes: the LANMET study. Diabetologia. 2006 Mar;49(3):442-51. Epub 2006 Feb 3.

Riddle MC, Rosenstock J, Gerich J; Insulin Glargine 4002 Study Investigators. The treat-to-target trial: randomized addition of glargine or human NPH insulin to oral therapy of type 2 diabetic patients. Diabetes Care. 2003 Nov;26(11):3080-6.

Massi Benedetti M, Humburg E, Dressler A, Ziemen M. A one-year, randomised, multicentre trial comparing insulin glargine with NPH insulin in combination with oral agents in patients with type 2 diabetes. Horm Metab Res. 2003 Mar;35(3):189-96.

Rosenstock J, Schwartz SL, Clark CM Jr, Park GD, Donley DW, Edwards MB. Basal insulin therapy in type 2 diabetes: 28-week comparison of insulin glargine (HOE 901) and NPH insulin. Diabetes Care. 2001 Apr;24(4):631-6.

Bota VM, Hirsch IB. Insulin glargine or neutral protamine Hagedorn in patients with severe insulin resistance: Is there a benefit? Endocr Pract. 2012 May-Jun;18(3):e49-51. doi: 10.4158/EP11302.CR.

Starting date: April 2013
Last updated: May 21, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017