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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With AIDS-Related Lymphoma

Information source: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Lymphoma

Intervention: Bleomycin Sulfate (Biological); Filgrastim (Biological); Cisplatin (Drug); Cyclophosphamide (Drug); Cytarabine (Drug); Doxorubicin Hydrochloride (DOX) (Drug); Etoposide (Drug); Fluorouracil (Drug); Ifosfamide (Drug); Leucovorin calcium (Drug); Methotrexate (Drug); Methylprednisolone (Drug); Pentamidine (Drug); Prednisone (Drug); Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (Drug); Vincristine Sulfate (Drug); Zidovudine (AZT) (Drug); Radiation Therapy (Radiation)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Peter W. McLaughlin, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients with AIDS-related lymphoma.

Clinical Details

Official title: Pilot Study in AIDS-Related Lymphomas

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Number of Patients with Clinical Response

Detailed description: OBJECTIVES: I. Develop an effective chemotherapy regimen with mild immunosuppressive and myelosuppressive properties to treat patients with AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) who have severe T4 lymphopenia. II. Estimate the CR rate, lymphoma-free survival, and overall survival of non-T4 lymphopenic patients and patients who present with nonbulky Ann Arbor stage I ARL treated with standard regimens of known effectiveness. III. Evaluate the effects on long-term outlook of concurrent antiretroviral therapy, prophylactic antibiosis with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or aerosolized pentamidine, and prn use of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor for severe myelosuppression. OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to Regimens A, B, and C according to histology and extent of disease and the degree of immunosuppression as follows: Regimen A: Patients with Ann Arbor stage I intermediate grade or immunoblastic lymphoma with measurable nonbulky disease (less than 7 cm), low LDH (less than 686), and no prior opportunistic infection irrespective of T4 count; also those with nonmeasurable stage I extranodal primaries (infiltration of less than 2/3 of an organ site, e. g., stomach, rectum, esophagus, sinus cavity) irrespective of T4 count. Regimen B: All patients (except primary brain lymphoma patients) not assigned to Regimen A who have T4 counts of at least 200 and no history of opportunistic infection; includes all stages of small noncleaved cell lymphoma and bulky stage I and stages II-IV intermediate grade and immunoblastic lymphoma. Regimen C: Patients not assigned to Regimen A or B, i. e., those with T4 counts less than 200 and/or a history of opportunistic infection and those with primary brain lymphoma. The following acronyms are used: ARA-C Cytarabine, NSC-63878 BLEO Bleomycin, NSC-125066 CDDP Cisplatin, NSC-119875 CF Leucovorin calcium, NSC-3590 CTX Cyclophosphamide, NSC-26271 DOX Doxorubicin, NSC-123127 5-FU Fluorouracil, NSC-19893 G-CSF Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (Amgen), NSC-614629 IFF Ifosfamide, NSC-109723 MePRDL Methylprednisolone succinate Mesna Mercaptoethane sulfonate, NSC-113891 MTX Methotrexate, NSC-740 PRED Prednisone, NSC-10023 VCR Vincristine, NSC-67574 VP-16 Etoposide, NSC-141540 ZDV Zidovudine, NSC-602670 Regimen A: 5-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed by Radiotherapy. CHOP-BLEO: CTX; DOX; VCR; PRED; BLEO; followed by involved-field irradiation with megavoltage equipment. Regimen B: 4-Drug Combination Chemotherapy alternating with 3-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed, as indicated, by Radiotherapy. ASHAP: DOX; MePRDL; ARA-C; CDDP; alternating with IMVP-16: IFF/Mesna; MTX/CF; VP-16; followed, in selected patients with initially bulky localized disease, by involved-field irradiation with megavoltage equipment. Regimen C: 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation followed, as indicated, by Radiotherapy. FLEP: 5-FU/CF/CDDP; followed, in selected patients with initially bulky localized disease, by involved-field irradiation with megavoltage equipment. Prior to starting chemotherapy, patients with primary brain lymphoma receive a course of cranial irradiation using accelerator beams with photon energies of 6-15 MV. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 92 patients (10 for Regimen A, 28 for Regimen B, 54 for Regimen C) will be entered over 3 years. If there are no CRs among the first 6 patients on Regimens A and B or the first 19 patients on Regimen C, accrual to that regimen will cease. If more than 4 infectious deaths occur among the first 10 patients or if the rate of disease progression exceeds 20% on any regimen, further accrual to that regimen will cease.


Minimum age: 15 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Previously untreated, HIV-related intermediate- and high-grade lymphoma with no previous diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma Pathology reviewed at M. D. Anderson Cancer Center PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 15 Performance status: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: For patients with T4 less than 200 and those with primary brain lymphoma: Creatinine no greater than 2. 0 mg/dL (unless entry approved by principal investigator) Other: Serious intercurrent illness must be discussed with the principal investigator Infectious disease consultation required for complex infections Medications for other conditions allowed provided no adverse interaction with protocol therapy occurs No previously diagnosed Kaposi's sarcoma or other malignancy PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior therapy for lymphoma No concurrent chemotherapy

Locations and Contacts

MD Anderson Cancer Center Orlando, Orlando, Florida 32806, United States

University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, United States

Additional Information

Clinical trial summary from the National Cancer Institute's PDQ® database

UT MD Anderson Cancer Center Website

Starting date: June 1993
Last updated: July 27, 2012

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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