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Blood Markers for Inflammation and Coronary Artery Vasoreactivity Testing in Patients With Chest Pain and Normal Coronary Arteries

Information source: St George's Healthcare NHS Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Endothelial Dysfunction; Atherosclerosis; Inflammation; Myocardial Ischemia

Intervention: Acetylcholine (Drug); Adenosine (Drug)

Phase: N/A

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: St George's Healthcare NHS Trust

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Juan C Kaski, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Department of Cardiology, St George's Healthcare NHS Trust

Overall contact:
Peter E Ong, MD, Phone: +44208725, Ext: 2628, Email: pong@sgul.ac.uk

Summary

The investigators are hoping to discover the cause of chest pain in patients with a normal coronary arteriogram. For patients with chest pain coronary angiography is the standard method by which the blood vessels of the heart can be visualized and any narrowing can be assessed. In some cases the investigators find totally normal coronary blood vessels or only minor disease. Such a finding is associated with an excellent long term prognosis. However, as a large proportion of patients with normal coronary arteries or mild coronary narrowings often continue to experience recurrent chest pains the investigators are interested in understanding the mechanisms responsible for this. The investigators hypothesise that in many cases, coronary artery spasms are responsible for the recurrent chest pains. These spasms usually respond to treatment with drugs known as vasodilators. The acetylcholine test (ACH-test) has been recommended by the European Society of Cardiology and the American College of Cardiology as a diagnostic test. This test can reveal whether the coronary blood vessels have a tendency to go into spasm. The investigators plan in this study to carry out the test in patients who have chest pains suggestive of coronary narrowings but are found to have normal or only mildly narrowed coronary arteries on angiography. A positive test

- indicating a tendency for spasm- may help guiding therapy with vasodilators, which are

often very effective to prevent coronary spasms. The investigators would also like to take blood samples during the test (before and after) from every patient to measure blood markers and see if there is a relation between these markers and the result of the ACH-test.

Clinical Details

Official title: Correlation Between Abnormal Coronary Vasoreactivity Testing, Expansion of CD4+CD28null T Cells and Biomarkers for Inflammation and Endothelial Dysfunction in Patients With Angina Despite Angiographically Normal Coronary Arteries.

Study design: Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Primary outcome: Endothelial Dysfunction

Detailed description: This study comprises two parts: 1. Blood sample 2. ACH-test (including coronary flow measurements) Blood will be taken, frozen and stored for up to 5 years. The following markers will be studied: C-reactive protein, E-selectin, neopterin, troponin and CD40 ligand. These are essential biochemical markers or so called pro-inflammatory substances that normally circulate in the blood but their levels can increase under certain conditions such as stress or inflammation. In addition, expansion of CD4+CD28null T-cells will be measured via flow cytometry. Coronary angiography will be performed according to routine clinical guidelines. If the investigators find severe disease standard treatment procedures will take place and the investigators will only ask for a blood sample. If the investigators find normal coronary arteries on coronary angiography the investigators will conduct the ACH-test as part of the study. After injecting ACH into the coronary arteries narrowing can occur and provoke the same or similar symptoms as at home (i. e. chest pain). If you experience severe pain the investigators will inject a drug called nitroglycerine to relieve the pain. Then the investigators will measure the capacity of the blood vessels to dilate with a special catheter. The whole procedure including coronary angiography and ACH-test will last for about one hour. There is only very little radiation needed for the ACH-test which is unlikely to cause any health problems (~2. 4mSv). In some very rare cases chest pain can be prolonged and heart rhythm disorders can occur. In worst case prolonged narrowing can lead to a heart attack (myocardial infarction, < 1%). The result of the ACH-test can lead to 3 different results. 1. Epicardial coronary spasm. This means that the narrowing of the blood vessel occurs in a place where it can be seen on the screen during angiography. 2. Microvascular dysfunction This means that the narrowing of the blood vessel cannot be seen on the screen but on the ECG. It only affects the very small blood vessels of the heart. 3. Normal ACH-test This means that the test is normal and the patient has no chest pain during the test and also no narrowing. Depending on the result the investigators will suggest to start with a medication according to current guidelines and inform the patient's GP about the results and further suggestions for treatment. To maintain confidentiality all participants are entered onto our secure database using only their initials and a study number.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 35 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Adults of either gender > 35 years of age with a stable pattern of angina pectoris

suggestive of coronary artery disease, with positive responses to exercise stress testing AND/OR patients with chest pain and ischaemic ST-segment changes during pain (previous obstructive coronary artery disease with or without stent-implantation will be allowed).

- Subjects will be invited to participate only if investigations have been undertaken

to rule out non-cardiac causes for chest pain (i. e. oesophageal and musculoskeletal) previously.

- Serum creatinine < 123. 7┬Ámol/L.

- Left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

- Cardiomyopathy.

- Severe valvular heart disease.

- Myocardial infarction within the last 3 months.

- Pregnant or lactating women.

Locations and Contacts

Peter E Ong, MD, Phone: +44208725, Ext: 2628, Email: pong@sgul.ac.uk

Department of Cardiology, St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, London, England SW17 0RE, United Kingdom; Recruiting
Peter E Ong, MD, Phone: +44208725, Ext: 2628, Email: pong@sgul.ac.uk
Peter E Ong, MD, Sub-Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2011
Last updated: February 22, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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