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Ipilimumab and Sargramostim in Treating Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Information source: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Recurrent Prostate Carcinoma; Stage IV Prostate Cancer

Intervention: Ipilimumab (Biological); Laboratory Biomarker Analysis (Other); Pharmacological Study (Other); Sargramostim (Biological)

Phase: Phase 1

Status: Active, not recruiting

Sponsored by: National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Eric Small, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion


This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of ipilimumab when given with sargramostim in treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Colony-stimulating factors, such as sargramostim, may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help a person's immune system kill more tumor cells.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Phase I Study of Repetitive Dosing of Anti-CTLA-4 Antibody (Ipilimumab) in Combination With GM-CSF in Patients With Metastatic, Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: MTD of the combination of ipilimumab with GM-CSF that results in < 33% DLT

Secondary outcome:

Adaptive immunity

Anti-idiotype antibody (human anti-human antibodies [HAHA]) development

Pharmacokinetic (PK) Studies

PSA and/or objective response for measurable disease

Safety of the regimen

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 monoclonal antibody (MDX-010) (ipilimumab) administered with sargramostim (GM-CSF) in patients with metastatic androgen-independent prostate cancer. (Phase I) II. Determine the safety of this regimen in these patients. (Phase I) III. Evaluate the efficacy as measured by reduction in PSA associated with combining GM-CSF with CTLA-4 blockade with ipilimumab at a dosage of 3 mg/kg given monthly x 6 doses (d1 of courses 1-6). (Cohort Expansion) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the T-cell immunity and T-cell response in patients treated with this regimen. (Phase I) II. Determine the pharmacokinetics of MDX-010 in these patients. (Phase I) III. Determine the prostate-specific antigen and/or objective responses in patients treated with this regimen. (Phase I) IV. Determine the percentages of activated, naive, and memory T-cells. (Cohort Expansion) V. Determine the measurement of T-cell response to describe epitopes from prostate antigens including PSA, PSMA, and PAP. (Cohort Expansion) VI. Quantitate T-cell response to antigens in patients with relevant HLA allele using HLA*0201 tetramers. (Cohort Expansion) VII. Evaluate the toxicity of this regimen in these patients. (Cohort Expansion) VIII. Determine the initial efficacy as measured by reduction in PSA associated with combining GM-CSF with CTLA-4 blockade with ipilimumab at a dosage of 3 mg/kg given monthly x 6 doses (d1 of courses 1-6). (Cohort Expansion) IX. Determine objective response by post-therapy measurable disease changes using RECIST criteria. (Cohort Expansion) OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of ipilimumab. Patients receive ipilimumab intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on day 1 and sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4-6 courses. GM-CSF continues beyond 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of ipilimumab until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Some patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for laboratory and pharmacokinetic studies. Samples are analyzed for human anti-human antibodies, IgG antibodies to ipilimumab semi-quantitative ELISA assay, and plasma concentrations of ipilimumab via quantitative ELISA assay. Patients are followed at 30 days.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Male.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically confirmed prostate cancer

- Metastatic disease

- Progressive disease after prior androgen deprivation as defined by at least 1 of the

following criteria:

- Patients with measurable disease must have an increase of at least 20% in the

sum of the longest diameter of target lesions OR the appearance of 1 or more new lesions

- Patients with nonmeasurable disease must have a positive bone scan and a

prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of at least 5 ng/mL, which has risen on at least 2 successive occasions at least 2 weeks apart*

- At least 1 PSA level must be obtained at least 4 weeks after flutamide (6

weeks after bicalutamide or nilutamide)

- Testosterone no greater than 50 ng/dL

- Patients with no prior orchiectomy must continue luteinizing hormone-releasing

hormone agonist therapy

- No history or radiologic evidence of CNS metastases

- Performance status - ECOG 0-2

- At least 12 weeks

- Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm^3

- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3

- Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL

- Bilirubin less than 1. 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2. 5 times ULN

- Creatinine no greater than 1. 5 times ULN

- No significant cardiovascular disease

- No New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure

- No active angina pectoris

- No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception prior to, during, and for 3 months

after study participation

- No history of autoimmune disease including, but not limited to, any of the following:

- Autoimmune hemolytic anemia

- Ulcerative and hemorrhagic colitis

- Endocrine disorders (e. g., thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism of

immune etiology, autoimmune hypophysitis/hypopituitarism, or adrenal insufficiency)

- Sarcoid granuloma

- Myasthenia gravis

- Polymyositis

- Guillain-Barre syndrome

- Systemic lupus erythematosus

- Rheumatoid arthritis

- Inflammatory bowel disease

- No other medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude study participation or

giving informed consent

- No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or

squamous cell skin cancer or stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission

- No prior immunotherapy (e. g., vaccines or investigational)

- No other concurrent colony-stimulating factors

- No prior chemotherapy

- No concurrent chemotherapy

- See Disease Characteristics

- At least 4 weeks since prior systemic corticosteroids

- At least 4 weeks since other prior hormonal therapy, including megestrol and


- No concurrent systemic steroid therapy except inhaled or topical steroids

- No other concurrent hormonal therapy

- Hormones administered for nondisease-related conditions (e. g., insulin for

diabetes) allowed

- At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered

- More than 8 weeks since prior radiopharmaceuticals (e. g., strontium chloride Sr 89

and samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium)

- Prior irradiation of a symptomatic lesion or one that may produce disability (e. g.,

unstable femur) allowed

- No concurrent palliative radiotherapy

- See Disease Characteristics

- At least 4 weeks since prior herbal products known to decrease PSA levels (e. g.,

PC-SPES or saw palmetto)

Locations and Contacts

UCSF Medical Center-Mount Zion, San Francisco, California 94115, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: May 2003
Last updated: June 2, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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