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Lorazepam, Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride, and Haloperidol Gel in Patients With Nausea

Information source: Virginia Commonwealth University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Nausea and Vomiting

Intervention: lorazepam (Drug); diphenhydramine hydrochloride (Drug); haloperidol (Drug); placebo (Other)

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Virginia Commonwealth University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Devon Fletcher, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Virginia Commonwealth University


This randomized clinical trial studies lorazepam, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, and haloperidol gel in patients with nausea. Lorazepam, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, and haloperidol gel, when absorbed into the skin, may be an effective treatment for nausea and vomiting.

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized Trial of the Effectiveness of Topical "ABH Gel" (AtivanŽ, Lorazepam; BenadrylŽ, Diphenhydramine; and HaldolŽ, Haloperidol Gel) Versus Placebo in Patients With Nausea

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Primary outcome: Change in numeric rating scale in self-reported nausea on a 0-10 scale

Secondary outcome:

Change in nausea score from baseline

Change in nausea score from baseline

Change in nausea score from baseline

Change in nausea score from baseline

Detailed description: PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the use of the gel in the treatment of nausea with a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled, cross-over clinical trial. The clinically important effect is that the gel will lead to a two point reduction in the severity of nausea compared to the placebo over time. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. ARM I: Patients apply lorazepam, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, and haloperidol gel topically over 2 minutes and placebo topically over 2 minutes. ARM II: Patients apply placebo topically over 2 minutes. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for up to 8 hours.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- English speaking

- No allergies to the drugs

- Able to complete the forms

- If a woman of childbearing age, agree to use contraception; women will be offered a

pregnancy test before doing the trial if they request one, as stated in the Informed Consent Form

- Patients must have a self reported nausea score of at least 4 on a numeric rating

scale of 0-10 (zero being no nausea and ten being the worst possible nausea); patients are not required to have vomiting

- Patients must have had or have cancer, or have had a consultation with the palliative

care team

- They must not have had any changes to their nausea program within the past 12 hours,

if on anti-emetics

- Patients must not have received chemotherapy within 5 days, unless it is a stable

oral chemotherapy drug such as capecitabine (Xeloda), erlotinib (Tarceva), or similar Exclusion Criteria:

- History of substance abuse, psychiatric disorder, acquired brain injury, the

possibility of pregnancy (not using birth control, and of child bearing age)

- Use of any medication that would contraindicate benzodiazepine administration

- Pregnant or nursing

- Children

Locations and Contacts

Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: March 2012
Last updated: January 8, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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