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The Evaluation of Clevidipine in Patients Requiring ICP Monitoring and IV Antihypertensive Therapy

Information source: Ohio State University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Hypertension

Intervention: Clevidipine (Drug)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Withdrawn

Sponsored by: Mario Ammirati

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Mario Ammirati, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Ohio State University

Summary

This is a single-arm, open label safety and dose titration study evaluating the use of Clevidipine to rapidly control elevated blood pressure in patients who have an Intracranial Pressure Monitoring device.

Clinical Details

Official title: The Evaluation of Clevidipine in Patients Requiring ICP Monitoring and IV Antihypertensive Therapy

Study design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Time to achieve target Systolic Blood Pressure within 30 minutes of start of Celevidipine infusion

Secondary outcome:

Percentage of patients who reach target Systolic Blood Pressure within 30 minutes of start of Clevidipine infusion

Percentage of patients in who the Systolic Blood Pressure is maintained within the target range for up to 3 hours after the first 30 minutes of the start of Clevidipine infusion

Detailed description: This is a single-arm, open label safety and dose titration study evaluating the use of Clevidipine to rapidly control elevated blood pressure in patients who have an Intracranial Pressure Monitoring device. All patients in which ICP monitoring is carried out need to maintain Cerebral Perfusion Pressure (CPP) within a tight range (typically, 70-90 mmHg) in order to avoid secondary brain injuries related to either too high or too low CPP. In this context there are clear benefits associated with a medication that is able to control hypertensive situations quickly and that lends itself to easy and reliable modulation. Clinical studies have demonstrated that Clevidipine is an effective antihypertensive agent with a rapid onset and offset of action, and a favorable safety profile. Clevidipine has a predictable dose-response profile and is readily titrated to achieve individualized pharmacodynamic effects. The investigators reasoned that Clevidipine could be an effective anti-hypertensive agent in this cohort of patients in which there is a need for rapid and precise blood pressure control. It is further hypothesized that improved blood pressure control in this patient population may result in the reduction in the severity of their neurological impairment. The question to be answered is as follows: Is Clevidipine highly effective in achieving and maintaining Blood Pressure control in patients with hypertension (Systolic Blood Pressure > 160 mm Hg) and who require an Intracranial Pressure Monitoring Device? Clevidipine will be highly effective in achieving and maintaining Blood Pressure control in patients with hypertension and who require an Intracranial Pressure Monitoring Device.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria: 1. Male or female, 18 years or older 2. Written informed consent from the patient or their legal representative family member before initiation of any study-related procedures 3. Patients who clinically require Intracranial Pressure Monitoring device 4. Patients who have baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) (immediately prior to initiation of Clevidipine) > 160 mmHg measured using an arterial line 5. Patients who required IV antihypertensive therapy to achieve SBP ≤ 160 mm Hg Exclusion Criteria: 1. Patients who are prisoners 2. Patients who received an oral antihypertensive medication within 2 hours prior to initiation of Clevidipine 3. Patients who received any other IV antihypertensive medication within 2 hours prior to initiation of Clevidipine 4. Patients who have fixed dilated pupils and/or absence of gag and oculo-cephalic brain stem reflexes 5. Patients with a history of allergy or intolerance to calcium channel blockers 6. Patients with a history of allergy to soybean oil or egg lecithin 7. Patients who have participated or are currently participating in a clinical trial of an investigational drug within 30 days prior to enrollment 8. Patients who have acute myocardial infarction (AIM) on presentation 9. Patients who have known or suspected aortic dissection 10. Females who are pregnant or are breastfeeding 11. Patients with a history of liver failure, cirrhosis or pancreatitis 12. Patients with a prior directive against advanced life support 13. Patients with a history of impaired lipid metabolism 14. Patients with a history of severe aortic stenosis

Locations and Contacts

The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: April 2010
Last updated: July 25, 2013

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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