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Buspirone, Stress, and Attentional Bias to Marijuana Cues

Information source: The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 20, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Cannabis Use Disorder

Intervention: Buspirone (Drug); Placebo (Drug)

Phase: Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Scott D. Lane, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston

Overall contact:
Scott D Lane, PhD, Phone: 713-500-3784, Email: scott.d.lane@uth.tmc.edu

Summary

This project has two primary goals. The first goal is to further scientific understanding about marijuana abuse by examining two recognized factors in marijuana use and relapse: (1) stress/anxiety and (2) atypical reactivity to marijuana-related stimuli (e. g., attentional bias). The second goal is to attenuate the influence of stress/anxiety and attentional bias to marijuana stimuli via administration of buspirone. Buspirone is uniquely suited to this project because it has effects on neurotransmitter systems known to modulate both stress/anxiety and attentional bias.

Clinical Details

Official title: Buspirone, Stress, and Attentional Bias to Marijuana Cues

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Primary outcome:

attentional bias

stress

stress

stress

Detailed description: For nearly 40 years marijuana has remained the most widely used illicit drug in the US, with more than 50% of first-time users < age 18. Marijuana accounts for ≈ 60% of illicit substance use disorders (SUD) in the US, bearing by percent the largest US public health burden among illicit substances. Across preclinical, human laboratory, and clinical interview data, there is compelling evidence that the phenomenon of cue reactivity is related to drug seeking and relapse. Attentional bias is a measurable component of cue reactivity, and can be operationally defined as differential attention (e. g., reaction time difference) towards drug-related stimuli vs. neutral stimuli. This phenomenon has been demonstrated in SUD populations across many classes of abused drugs, including alcohol,

nicotine, stimulants, opiates, and - importantly - marijuana. Cue reactivity and attentional

bias are exacerbated by acute and chronic stress and anxiety. Notably, stress is a well-documented predictor of marijuana abuse and marijuana relapse. Therapeutic interventions that attenuate attentional bias to marijuana cues are a potentially important component in the treatment of marijuana SUD. Due to the well-documented association with stress, an intervention that simultaneously addresses both stress and attentional bias could be uniquely efficacious. Currently, few pharmacotherapies exist for marijuana SUD, and none are presently known to address attentional bias to marijuana cues. This application will explore the potential of the anxiolytic buspirone to modify attentional bias and stress. Buspirone is a unique compound marked by modulation of both serotonin (5-HT1A) and dopamine D3 receptors. Importantly, the 5-HT1A receptor is known to play a key role in stress related anxiety, and preclinical work indicates that D3 antagonists significantly decrease cue reactivity to a number of abused drugs. This combination of effects suggests buspirone may be advantageous in targeting both stress and attentional bias as factors that contribute to problem marijuana use. Accordingly, this application seeks to examine the effects of chronic buspirone administration on attentional bias and stress/anxiety in marijuana SUD. Using laboratory-based methodologies sensitive to attentional bias towards marijuana cues and well validated measures of stress and anxiety, we will examine if buspirone's unique mechanism of action will (a) produce an attenuation of attentional bias to marijuana cues, and (b) be most pronounced under conditions in which attentional bias is related to high levels of stress and anxiety.

Eligibility

Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 45 Years. Gender(s): Both.

Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male and female subjects aged 18-45 years, with a marijuana substance use disorder

based on a score of ≥ 13 on the Cannabis Use Disorders Identification Test - Revised

(CUDIT-R); a score of ≥ 4 on the Cannabis Abuse Screening Test (CAST); and meeting criteria for a marijuana substance use disorder based on the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV). Exclusion Criteria:

- Current DSM-IV Axis I disorder other than marijuana use disorder; (2) serious medical

illness requiring ongoing medical treatment, which could affect the central nervous system, or any other medical contraindication (e. g., renal, cardiovascular, pulmonary, blood) as determined by medical screening; (4) a positive pregnancy test or breast feeding (females); (5) concomitant use of prescription medications that could affect the central nervous system; (6) active suicidal ideation or Beck Depression Inventory II score greater than 19; (7) positive urine drug screen for drugs other than marijuana or positive breath alcohol screen; (8) Shipley-2 test of cognitive aptitude score outside 2 SD units of the published composite score average; (9) smoking > 10 nicotine cigarettes per day / Fagerstrom Score > 4; (10) taking meds known to have significant drug interactions with buspirone.

Locations and Contacts

Scott D Lane, PhD, Phone: 713-500-3784, Email: scott.d.lane@uth.tmc.edu

University of Texas Health Science Center - Houston, Houston, Texas 77030, United States; Recruiting
Scott D. Lane, PhD, Phone: 713-500-3784, Email: scott.d.lane@uth.tmc.edu
Rolanda Johnson, MA, Phone: 713-486-2823, Email: rolanda.johnson@uth.tmc.edu
Scott D. Lane, PhD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: June 2013
Last updated: June 10, 2015

Page last updated: August 20, 2015

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