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Comparison of 2 Beta Blocker Drugs on Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients With High Blood Pressure

Information source: Thomas Jefferson University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Peripheral Artery Disease; Hypertension

Intervention: nebivolol (Drug); Metoprolol succinate (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Thomas Jefferson University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Danielle Duffy, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Thomas Jefferson University


This is a 26-week, prospective double-blind, randomized pilot trial of nebivolol versus an active control, metoprolol succinate, in patients with established lower-extremity peripheral artery disease, hypertension, and at least moderate risk for coronary artery disease.

Clinical Details

Official title: Effect of Nebivolol Compared With Metoprolol in Hypertensive Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Peak Walking Time (PWT)

Secondary outcome:

Ankle-brachial Index (ABI)

Claudication Onset Time (COT)

Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) - Change Calf Pain

Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) - Change in Buttock Pain

Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) - Change in WIQ Distance Score

Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) - Change in WIQ Speed Score

Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ) - Change in WIQ Stairs Score

Detailed description: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects up to an estimated 16-29% of men and women over age 50, and is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Beta-blockers have been shown to reduce the risk of myocardial infarction and death in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and are indicated for the treatment of hypertension in patients with PAD. However, there is a theoretical risk that antihypertensive therapy may decrease limb perfusion pressure and therefore exacerbate symptoms of claudication or limb ischemia. Patients with CAD and concomitant PAD are less likely to be prescribed beta-blockers, even though most patients are able to tolerate antihypertensive therapy without worsening of symptoms. The third generation beta-blocker, nebivolol, has vasodilating properties in addition to beta-adrenergic blockade. This vasodilatory effect is mediated through the L-arginine-nitric oxide-dependent pathway. Nitric oxide is a critical modulator of vascular disease with effects that lead to vasodilatation, endothelial regeneration, inhibition of leukocyte chemotaxis and inhibition of platelet adhesion. This combination of beta-blockade and nitric oxide-dependent vasodilation may enhance effectiveness and tolerability of nebivolol versus other beta-blockers in patients with hypertension, CAD or high-risk state, and PAD. This study will be a pilot comparative effectiveness study to examine the effect of nebivolol versus metoprolol succinate in patients with lower-extremity PAD and at least moderate risk for CAD on PAD symptoms as measured by both functional and quality of life measures.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Men and non-pregnant, non-lactating women 45 years of age or older

- Able to give informed consent and complete scheduled visits

- Mild-moderate bilateral lower extremity peripheral arterial disease as defined by an

ankle-brachial index (ABI measurement of 0. 6-0. 9. If a subject has baseline claudication symptoms, the symptoms must be stable for the 3 months preceding enrollment.

- History of hypertension. Blood pressure at the screening visit must be ≤160/100 mmHg

and ≥100/60 mmHg for all subjects. If a subject is currently prescribed beta-blocker therapy, BP at the screening visit must be ≤140/90 mmHg. In addition, heart rate must be ≥55 beats per minute if currently prescribed a beta-blocker and ≤60 beats per minute if not currently prescribed a beta-blocker.

- At least moderate risk for CAD.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Participation in another clinical trial

- Ongoing ischemic (resting) limb pain, or lower extremity ulceration due to arterial

insufficiency, or an ABI indicating <0. 6 indicating disease potentially requiring revascularization

- History of limb or digit amputation due to arterial insufficiency

- Revascularization of peripheral vessels within the preceding 6 months

- Uncontrolled hypertension as defined by systolic blood pressure ≥160 mmHg or

diastolic blood pressure ≥100 mmHg

- Contraindication or allergy to beta blocker therapy

- History of myocardial infarction , coronary revascularization, or a cerebrovascular

event within the preceding 6 months

- Class III or IV angina

- Current or past history of New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart


- Inability to walk on a treadmill for any reason

- Regular use of nitroglycerin or nitrates including oral, transdermal ointment or

patch, or sublingual, translingual spray and/or combination agents containing nitrates

- Active liver, pulmonary, infectious or inflammatory process

- History of malignancy within preceding 5 years (excluding basal or squamous cell skin


- History of any other condition that, in the opinion of the investigators, renders it

unsafe for the subject to be enrolled

Locations and Contacts

Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: August 2011
Last updated: December 2, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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