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Intraocular Bevacizumab Compared With Intraocular Triamcinolone in Patients With Diabetic Macular Edema

Information source: Medical University of Vienna
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Diabetic Macular Edema

Intervention: Bevacizumab (Avastin) (Drug); Triamcinolone (Drug); Sham (Drug); Lucentis (Procedure)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: Medical University of Vienna

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, MD, Study Chair, Affiliation: Medical University of Vienna, Dept. of Ophthalmology
Georg Rainer, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Medical University of Vienna, Dept. of Ophthalmology

Overall contact:
Georg Rainer, MD, Phone: 43-40-400, Ext: 7941, Email: georg.rainer@meduniwien.ac.at


The purpose of this study is to investigate the change in macular edema and the absolute change in visual acuity following intravitreal administered injections of Bevacizumab (Avastin®) or Ranibizumab (Lucentis®) compared with Triamcinolone (Volon A®) in patients with clinical significant diabetic macular edema. The investigators monitor the change in macular edema measured with standard optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the absolute change in visual acuity analyzed by standardized charts according to the protocol used in the Early Retreatment in Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS).

Clinical Details

Official title: A Randomized, Double-masked Study With Intraocular Anti-VEGF (Avastin®/Lucentis®) Compared With Intraocular Triamcinolone (Volon A®) in Patients With Clinical Significant Diabetic Macular Edema

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: Efficacy of the treatment assessed with visual acuity measured by ETDRS charts and central retinal thickness as measured by standard Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)

Secondary outcome: To explore the structural mechanisms of the effect on diabetic macular edema as assessed by fluorescein angiography and ultra high-resolution optical coherence tomography. To observe the changes in retinal function a microperimetry is assessed.

Detailed description: Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disease in developed countries, with prevalence estimates ranging between 2 to 5% of the world's population. Diabetic retinopathy and diabetic macular edema are common microvascular complications in diabetic patients and may lead to decreasing of visual acuity, eventually to blindness. The Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study found an incidence of macular edema of 20. 1% in the younger-onset group and of 14 to 25% in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus over a period of 10 years. Diabetic macular edema is characterized by the accumulation of extracellular fluid in HenleĀ“s layer and the inner nuclear layer of the retina. There pathogenesis involves the interaction of several factors: the breakdown of the blood-retinal-barriers, production of biochemical factors, tissue hypoxia, retinal circulatory changes and vitreous tractions. Laser photocoagulation is the most common treatment modality for diabetic macular edema. Perifoveal focal/grid laser coagulation was found to be effective saving the visual acuity in only 50% of patients with diabetic macular edema and just 3-14% of treated patients had an improved visual acuity post-operatively. The decent results of laser coagulation are associated with potential side effects as paracentral scotomas[4], change of color discrimination, development of epiretinal gliosis and subretinal fibrosis and expansion of laser scar size. In the past few years, several studies investigating the effect of intravitreal steroids such as triamcinolone in patients with diabetic macular edema found a significant reduction in macular edema. Therefore intravitreal steroids have become part of standard therapy in the treatment of diabetic macular edema. Furthermore, some studies showed that the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the major angiogenic stimulus responsible for increase of vasopermeability, cell proliferation and angiogenesis in diabetic retinopathy (DRP). Evaluation of VEGF levels in the vitreous have indicated a role for VEGF in diabetic macular edema: vitreous samples of patients with diabetic macular edema contain elevated VEGF concentration and injection of VEGF in experimental studies led to breakdown of the blood-retina barrier. Not only in age-related macular degeneration but also in other diseases like in diabetic macular edema we can find an increasing evidence for a therapeutic role of anti-VEGF drugs. Intravitreal injections have become the most favored treatment procedure for administering anti-VEGF drugs. The side effects and the modest results of laser treatment on the visual acuity in diabetic macular edema led to studies using anti-VEGF therapy. Unpublished study results on the aptamer pegaptanib (MacugenĀ®) are promising. A study using the antibody fragment Ranibizumab (LucentisĀ®) is in progress. Currently there is one anti-VEGF drug already on the market: Bevacizumab (AvastinĀ®), which has approved as intravenous infusion for the treatment of metastatic colo-rectal cancer. Previous studies have shown that systemic use of Bevacizumab (AvastinĀ®) can obtain very promising results on patients with choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) by age-related macular degeneration. This drug, a monoclonal full-length antibody, designed to bind all isoforms of VEGF, is a large molecule. But case reports in patients with CNV caused by age-related macular degeneration and with macular edema from central retinal vein occlusion indicate that intravitreally given Bevacizumab (Avastinā„¢) is effective in diseases originating from the choroids and also the retina. These findings imply a sufficient penetration of the retina by Bevacizumab (AvastinĀ®). A recent study investigating the effect of intravitreal bevacizumab (AvastinĀ®) in patients with diabetic macular edema found a significant reduction in macular edema. Based on these new findings and the important role of VEGF in diabetic macular edema and in proliferative diabetic retinopathy, we propose a double-masked, randomised pilot study for treatment of diabetic macular edema with intravitreally administered anti VEGF (AvastinĀ®/LucentisĀ®) compared with intravitreally administered triamcinolone (VolonAĀ®).


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: N/A. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Signed informed consent

- Patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus

- Patients with diabetic macular edema with center involvement

- Central macular thickness (macular edema) of at least 300 microns in the central

subfield as measured by OCT

- Best corrected visual acuity, using ETDRS charts, of 20/25 to 20/400 (Snellen

equivalent) in the study eye

- Patients with decrease in vision in the study eye due to foveal thickening from

diabetic macular edema and not to other causes, in the opinion of the investigator

- Patients without a necessity for panretinal laser photocoagulation for at least 3

months after study inclusion

- If both eyes are eligible, the one with the worse visual acuity will be selected for

study treatment unless, based on medical reason, the investigator deems the other eye have got more benefit from study treatment. The other eye will be treated with Grid laser coagulation. Exclusion Criteria:

- A condition that would preclude a patient for participation in the study in opinion

of investigator, e. g., unstable medical status including glycemic control and blood pressure

- History of systemic corticosteroids within 3 months prior to randomization or

topical, rectal or inhaled corticosteroids in current use more than 3 times per week Prior/Concomitant Treatment

- Macular laser photocoagulation

- Panretinal laser photocoagulation within the past 3 months

- Previous treatment with intravitreal or sub-Tenon triamcinolone within the past 3

months in the study eye

- Previous participation in clinical trial involving anti-angiogenic drugs (pegaptanib

sodium, ranibizumab, anecortave acetate, protein kinase C inhibitor, etc.)

- History of submacular surgery or other surgical intervention for diabetic macular

edema in the study eye Diabetic Retinopathy Characteristics

- High risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy in the study eye without complete

panretinal laser photocoagulation and having a risk for intravitreal bleeding Concurrent Ocular Conditions

- Active intraocular inflammation (grade trace or above) in either eye

- Vitreomacular traction in the study eye evident by OCT

- Ocular disorders in the study eye including retinal vascular occlusion, retinal

detachment, macular hole, choroidal neovascularisation

- Intraocular surgery (including cataract surgery, YAG laser capsulotomy) in the study

eye within 3 months preceding Day 0

- Uncontrolled glaucoma in the study eye (defined as intraocular pressure ā‰„25 mmHg

despite treatment with anti-glaucoma medication)

- History of glaucoma filtration surgery, corneal transplantation in the study eye

Concurrent Systemic Conditions

- History of myocardial infarction (in anamnesis or signs in ECG)

- History of congestive heart failure

- History of stroke or transient ischemic attacks

- Significant abnormalities on laboratory testing (signs on failure of kidney, liver


- Premenopausal women not using adequate contraception and pregnant or nursing women

- History of other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or

clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use an investigational drug or that might affect interpretation of the results of the study or render the subject at high risk for treatment complications

- Current treatment for active systemic infection Other

- History of allergy to fluorescein, not amenable to treatment

- Inability to obtain fundus photographs or fluorescein angiograms of sufficient

quality to be analyzed and graded

- Inability to comply with study or follow up procedures

Locations and Contacts

Georg Rainer, MD, Phone: 43-40-400, Ext: 7941, Email: georg.rainer@meduniwien.ac.at

Dept. of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna 1090, Austria; Recruiting
Georg Rainer, MD, Phone: 43-40-400, Ext: 7941, Email: georg.rainer@meduniwien.ac.at
Katharina Kriechbaum, MD, Phone: 43-40-400, Ext: 7941, Email: katharina.kriechbaum@meduniwien.ac.at
Sonja G. Prager, MD, Sub-Investigator
Katharina Kriechbaum, MD, Principal Investigator
Additional Information

Starting date: October 2007
Last updated: May 31, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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