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DB289 Versus TMP-SMX for the Treatment of Acute Pneumocystis Jiroveci Pneumonia (PCP)

Information source: Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Pneumonia, Interstitial Plasma Cell; Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia; Pneumonia, Pneumocystis Carinii; HIV Infections

Intervention: Pafuramidine maleate (DB289) (Drug); Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) (Drug)

Phase: Phase 3

Status: Terminated

Sponsored by: Immtech Pharmaceuticals, Inc

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Judith Aberg, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: NYU School of Medicine
Preston Church, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Medical University of South Carolina
Laurence Huang, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of California, San Francisco
Amanda Peppercorn, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: UNC AIDS Clinical Trials- School of Medicine
Carl Fichtenbaum, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Cincinnati
Kathleen Mullane, DO, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: University of Chicago
Jose Vazquez, MD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Henry Ford Health Systems


The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the non-inferiority of pafuramidine maleate (DB289)versus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX)for the treatment of mild to moderately severe Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP).

Clinical Details

Official title: International Randomized, Controlled Phase 3 Trial of DB289 Versus Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole for the Treatment of Acute Pneumocystis Jiroveci Pneumonia (PCP) in Patients With HIV/AIDS

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: The primary efficacy endpoint will be the proportion of subjects with clinical success at the End of Treatment (Day 22) for the Modified Intent-to-Treat population (mITT).

Secondary outcome: The secondary efficacy endpoints will be the proportion of subjects with clinical success at the End of Treatment (Day 22)for the Per Protocol population and sustained clinical success at the End of Study (Day 42)in the Per Protocol and mITT populations.

Detailed description: The gold standard treatment for PCP is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX). This drug is highly effective; however, a significant number of patients are unable to complete a course of therapy due to adverse events, some of which can be life-threatening. In addition, mutations that confer resistance to sulfa-based drugs in other microorganisms are increasingly being reported in P. jiroveci. A potential role of these mutations in conferring clinical resistance to PCP and in breakthroughs to prophylaxis regimens based on sulfa drugs is being actively studied. Second and third line agents or combinations for PCP treatment are also limited in efficacy and/or by adverse events. A new agent such as pafuramidine maleate (DB289), which has well documented activity against P. carinii in animal models, documented efficacy in a preliminary study trial in HIV-infected patients with PCP that were intolerant or resistant to TMP-SMX, was well tolerated in this trial and demonstrated a low toxicity profile in Phase 1 studies, would meet a significant medical need. Furthermore, pafuramidine maleate is active against other pathogens responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in patients with AIDS in the developing world, like different strains of Plasmodium (malaria) and Cryptosporidium parvum. The decrease in the rate of PCP in countries where patients with AIDS have access to HAART will present a significant challenge to the completion of this development program. The last published trial of PCP treatment was conducted by the ACTG in 24 U. S. sites between May 1991 and june 1993. That study needed to decrease the planned sample size to 195 due to low enrollment. This represents an important challenge for our program.


Minimum age: 13 Years. Maximum age: 65 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Documented or presumptive HIV infection

- Signs and symptoms of PCP present for at least 5 days

- Pneumocystis jiroveci confirmed in BAL fluid or induced sputum sample

- Suitable candidate for oral therapy

- Alveolar-arterial oxygen (A-a) gradient < or = 45 mm Hg on room air and partial

pressure of oxygen (pO2) > or = 60 mm Hg

- No more than 48 hours of prior treatment in the preceding 7 days for PCP treatment at

full doses; failure of Pneumocystis prophylaxis or use of medications recommended for treatment of PCP at doses less than recommended by the CDC Guidelines is acceptable. Exclusion Criteria:

- Unwilling or unable to discontinue use of other medications with anti-PCP activity

- AIDS related cachexia (weight loss that is more than 10% of ideal body weight)

- Severe diarrhea and/or vomiting

- History of hypersensitivity or severe or life threatening toxicity to TMP-SMX, other

sulfonamides or pentamidine

- Active illicit drug use

- Impending respiratory failure or need for intubation

- AST and ALT levels > 3 times the upper limit of normal

- History of pancreatitis

- Severe PCP

- Karnofsky score < or = 20

- Terminal HIV disease or life expectancy of less than 6 months

- Acute concurrent pulmonary pathological condition that would obscure the evaluation

of response to therapy

- Concomitant use of amphotericin B, gangciclovir, cyclosporine, warfarin, thiazide

diuretics, phenytoin, methotrexate, leucovorin

- Receipt of systemic corticosteroids (except replacement therapy) within 14 days of

study entry at high doses for 3 or more consecutive days. Concomitant use of corticosteroids, other than replacement doses for adrenal insufficiency, is also excluded unless the patient meets the CDC criteria for use of corticosteroids for treatment of PCP

- Pregnant or lactating women

- The subject has been previously enrolled in the study

Locations and Contacts

University of California, San Francisco, California 94110, United States

The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, United States

Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan 48202, United States

NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, United States

UNC AIDS Clinical Trials, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7030, United States

University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45267-0405, United States

Medical University of SC, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, United States

Additional Information

Starting date: May 2006
Last updated: March 6, 2013

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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