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Desensitization of Human Mast Cells: Mechanisms and Potential Utility for Preventing Anaphylaxis

Information source: Virginia Commonwealth University
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Anaphylaxis

Phase: N/A

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Virginia Commonwealth University

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Lawrence B. Schwartz, M.D., Ph.D, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Virginia Commonwealth University


This is an open-label, single-center study of whether oral penicillin desensitization of healthy sensitive subjects results in allergen cross-desensitization of mast cells by skin testing and desensitization of peripheral blood basophils. The primary endpoint(s) will be PC3 prick skin test values to penicillin, aeroallergen(s) and codeine. Secondary endpoints will be levels of Syk in purified basophils determined by flow cytometry (mean fluorescence intensity) and basophil degranulation (% tryptase release) to anti-FcåRI and to calcium ionophore.

Clinical Details

Official title: Open-label, Single-center Study of Whether Oral Penicillin Desensitization of Healthy Sensitive Subjects Results in Allergen Cross-desensitization of Mast Cells by Skin Testing and Desensitization of Peripheral Blood Basophils.

Study design: Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Primary outcome: Decreased skin test sensitivity to Pre-pen (PC3 value)


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 45 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Written informed consent obtained.

- Male, or non-pregnant female, 18-45 years of age who are in good health.

- Clinical history of a penicillin allergy consisting of an immediate hyper-

sensitivity reaction such as anaphylaxis, urticaria/angioedema or broncho- spasm, and a positive skin prick test to penicillin G.

- Positive skin test to at least one aeroallergen to indicate sensitivity, but clinical

disease (allergic rhinitis) is not necessary. Exclusion Criteria:

- Dermatographism or severe dermatologic condition, such as advanced eczema or

psoriasis, that will not allow an adequate uninvolved area for skin testing.

- Negative skin tests to penicillin G or to all aeroallergens test.

- Pregnancy.

- Antihistamine medications taken within one week of testing; systemic steroids,

B-blockers or ACE - inhibitors taken over the previous month; omalizumab therapy at

any time; those receiving or who have received immunotherapy; and those who have been desensitized to any drug within 6 months.

- Allergic reaction to a B-lactam antibiotic within 1 month.

- Current asthma; significant pulmonary, cardiovascular, renal, hepatobiliary or

neurological diseases, or another disease process that the investigator feel would put the subject at risk of an adverse event.

- Mental illness or history of drug or alcohol abuse that, in the opinion of the

investigator, would interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements.

- Inability or unwillingness of a participant to give written informed consent.

Locations and Contacts

Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, United States
Additional Information

Starting date: January 2009
Last updated: April 10, 2014

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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