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Evaluation of Periop Biochemical Stress Factors in Craniotomy Neurosurgical Procedure With Respect to Preop Hypertension

Information source: Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Perioperative Hypertension

Intervention: atenolol (Drug); lisinopril (Drug); glucose (Other)

Phase: Phase 4

Status: Completed

Sponsored by: Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
K.V. Parthiban, PhD, Principal Investigator, Affiliation: Christian Medical College, Dept of Neurological Sciences


Perioperative hypertension is commonly associated with surgical craniotomy. As the sympathetic nervous system and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system play a key role in

the development of this hypertension, preoperative single dose therapy with a - adrenergic

receptor blocker or an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor may be useful in preventing this. To assess this as well as to study potential markers of these two systems, the investigators will perform a randomized, double blind, placebo controlled study to

compare the single dose effect of preoperative administration of a - receptor blocking drug

(atenolol) and an ACE inhibitor (lisinopril) with a control group receiving a placebo tablet (glucose) on perioperative hypertension in craniotomy patients.

Clinical Details

Official title: Evaluation of Perioperative Biochemical Stress Factors in Craniotomy Neurosurgical Procedure With Respect to Preoperative Hypertension

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Primary outcome:

MAP changes

HR changes

Secondary outcome:

plasma concentrations of vasoactive markers

plasma concentrations of serum sodium levels

Detailed description: All patients included in the study will be visited 12 hours preoperatively for determination of base-line (preoperative) blood pressure and heart rate, at which time a blood sample will be taken and the patients will be randomized. The next day, sixty minutes prior to surgery, all patients will receive oral diazepam (10mg) and the blinded study medication. This medication was previously prepared by an independent pharmacist, and dispensed in appropriate packaging. Thus, Group C, the control group, will receive a glucose tablet (10mg), Group A, will receive oral atenolol (50mg) and Group L will receive oral lisinopril (5mg). An intravenous cannula will be placed and normal saline will be infused at the rate

of 60 - 70 ml/hr. Haemodynamics (blood pressure and heart rate) will be monitored using a

multichannel monitor (and the patient's radial artery (non-dominant arm) will be cannulated for further blood sampling and blood pressure monitoring (Agilent Technologies, MA, USA). Anaesthesia will beinduced with thiopental (4-5 mg. kg-1) and fentanyl, (1-2μg. kg-1). Vecuronium, (0. 06-0. 1 mgkg-1) will be administered to facilitate tracheal intubation and to

maintain neuromuscular blockade. Isoflurane (0. 7 - 1. 2 MAC) will be administered to

maintain the Bispectral Index (BIS) (Aspect Medical System Inc, MA, USA), within the range

of 35 - 45. End tidal CO2 partial pressure will be maintained between 4-4. 6 kPa (IntelliVue

Anesthetic Gas Modules-G1, Redmond, WA, USA). During the surgery, intravenous fentanyl and vecuronium will be administered at the discretion of the anaesthetist for pain control and muscle relaxation respectively. An increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) in excess of 20% of the pre-operative value will be treated either by increasing the inspired isoflurane concentration or by administering metoprolol. Additionally, a decrease in MAP exceeding 20% will be treated by reducing the isoflurane inspired concentration or by the administration of ephedrine in small doses (2. 5-4mg). Ondansetron (4mg) will be administered 45 minutes before the expected conclusion of surgery and neuromuscular agents will be reversed using 2. 5 mg of neostigmine and 0. 4 mg of glycopyrrolate at the end of skin suturing. Isoflurane will be discontinued at the last suture, and patients will be extubated when they respond to verbal stimulation or coughed. The total amount and type of fluids administered during the procedure will be recorded. The MAP, HR, end-tidal isoflurane, and end tidal CO2 will be recorded every 10 min following induction until extubation, and MAP and HR only, every 30 min after admission to the neuro-intensive care unit for 12 hrs. These data will be collected from the monitors using printouts after each case and the anesthesia record will also be photocopied. Postoperative pain will be treated with paracetamol (1gm) administered rectally every 6 hrs and morphine injection (2. 5mg) intravenously as required. Hypertension is defined as any mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) more than 20% of the preoperative value (determined 12hrs before the surgery, vide supra). Blood samples (3 ml) will be collected from each patient pre operatively from venapuncture (12hrs before the surgery), and intra-operatively at the time of dural opening, and immediately after extubation, via the arterial line. Collected blood samples will

immediately be centrifuged and stored at - 70°C for analysis of plasma renin, aldosterone,

norepinephrine, and serum sodium concentrations.


Minimum age: 18 Years. Maximum age: 69 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Scheduled to undergo craniotomy for a supratentorial brain tumor resection

- Weight between the limits of 70 - 100 kgs

Exclusion Criteria:

- Weight less than 70 kgs or more thank 100 kgs

- Meds for hypertension

- Evidence of raised intracranial pressure, hypertension, cardiovascular, endocrine or

renal disease

Locations and Contacts

Additional Information

Starting date: March 2006
Last updated: May 7, 2015

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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