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Thiopental Versus Propofol During Magnetic Resonance Imagining in Children: Something Old, Something New

Information source: University Clinical Centre of Kosova
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this data on August 23, 2015
Link to the current ClinicalTrials.gov record.

Condition(s) targeted: Complications

Intervention: Propofol and Thiopental (Drug)

Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2

Status: Recruiting

Sponsored by: University Clinical Centre of Kosova

Official(s) and/or principal investigator(s):
Antigona Hasani, MD,MSC, Study Chair, Affiliation: Anesthesiology and Reanimation

Overall contact:
Antigona Hasani, MD, MSC, Phone: +37744402781, Email: antigona.hasani@gmail.com


Magnetic resonance imagining (MRI) in children requires sedation to achieve the degree of cooperation or immobilization, necessary to complete these procedures successfully. In this study the investigators analyze two most popular anesthetics used for this procedure, sodium thiopental and propofol. The aim of this study is to determine optimal dose of propofol and thiopental during MRI and to establish safety and efficacy of these drugs.

Clinical Details

Official title: Thiopental Versus Propofol During Magnetic Resonance Imagining in Children

Study design: Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Primary outcome: presedation behavior

Secondary outcome:

to determine optimal dose of propofol and thiopental during MRI

UMSS score

Side effects of sedation

recovery times

Detailed description: This prospective, randomize, double-blind study will include 100 children, aged 6 month-12 years with ASA physical status I-II. Children older than 3 years of age shall consume nothing by mouth (NPO) for solids and milk for at least 8 hours and children 6 months-3 years of age are NPO for solids and milk for 6 hours. Children will be allowed to receive breast milk until 4 hours before the beginning of the sedation. All the children will be allowed to take clear liquids up until 2 hours before the beginning of the sedation. To facilitate IV drug administration, EMLA cream will be applied on the dorsum of both hands 1 h before transfer to the preparation room. Presedation behavior will be assessed on a 4-point scale, (by an anesthesiologist 1; who does not know which drug is administered): 1 = calm, cooperative; 2 = anxious but reasonable; 3 = anxious and not reasonable; 4 = crying or resisting. Categories 1 and 2 will be called "nondistressed behavior," and categories 3 and 4 will be defined as "distressed behavior." Patients will receive: group I; propofol 0. 5 mg/kg or group II; thiopental 2. 0 mg/kg, for anesthetic induction. After initial dose of the drug the sedation level of the children will be measured by the anesthesiologist 2 using the University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS). The UMSS assigns a score of 0-4 based on the clinical assessment of the level of sedation as follows: 0 = awake and alert; 1 = minimally sedated: tired/sleepy, appropriate response to verbal conversation and/or sound; 2 = moderately sedated: somnolent/sleeping, easily aroused with light tactile stimulation or a simple verbal command; 3 = deeply sedated: deep sleep, arousable only with significant physical stimulation, and 4 = unarousable. Scores 3 will be accepted as procedural sedation and 4 will be accepted as deep sedation. If a UMSS score of 3 will not be achieved after initial dose of propofol and thiopental, supplementary boluses of drugs will be added. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), peripheral oxygen saturation (Spo2), and respiratory rate (RR) will be monitored continuously and be recorded at 5-min intervals during the study period by anesthesiologist 1. Patients will be allowed to breathe spontaneously without an artificial airway throughout the procedure. Oxygen will be administered via facemask. Quality of the MRI will be evaluated by a radiologist using a three-point scale (1 = no motion; 2 = minor movement; 3 = major movement necessitating another scan). Recovery time will be accepted as the period of time between the ends of MRI scan and reaching a UMSS score of 2 (by an anesthesiologist 2). Side effects (apnea, nausea, vomiting, laryngospasm, emergence agitation) could occur during and after sedation will be recorded.


Minimum age: 6 Months. Maximum age: 12 Years. Gender(s): Both.


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patient is 6 months - 12 years old

- Patient is scheduled for MRI at University Clinical center of Kosovo

- Patients is ASA I/II

- Patient meets criteria to receive either propofol or thiopental sedation

- Patient's parent/guardian provides written consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients with ASA > II

- Patients with airway abnormalities

- Patients with known allergies to the study drugs

- Parent/guardian refusal of participation

Locations and Contacts

Antigona Hasani, MD, MSC, Phone: +37744402781, Email: antigona.hasani@gmail.com

University Clinical Center of Kosovo, Tirana, Kosovo 10000, Albania; Recruiting
Aban Gjonbalaj, MD, Phone: +38138500600, Email: gjonbalaj_a@hotmail.com
Additional Information

Related publications:

1. Malvija S, Voepel -Lewis T, Eldevik OP, Rockwell DT, Wong JH, Tait AR. Sedation and general anaesthesia in children undergoing MRI and CT: adverse events and outcomes. Br J A naesth 2000; 84: 743-8. 2. Malviya S, Voepel-Lewis T, Tait AR, Merkel S, Tremper K, Naughton N. Depth of sedation in children undergoing computed tomography: validity and reliability of the University of Michigan Sedation Scale (UMSS). Br J Anaesth. 2002 ;88:241-5. 3. Koroglu A, Teksan H, Sagir O, Yucel A, Toprak HI, Ersoy OM. A comparison of the sedative, hemodynamic, and respiratory effects of dexmedetomidine and propofol in children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging. Anesth Analg. 2006;103:63-7.

Starting date: January 2011
Last updated: March 17, 2011

Page last updated: August 23, 2015

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